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Virgilio Liverani

Examples from Virgilio Liveranis collection:

Euprotomus hawaiensis (Pilsbry, 1918); on hard reef at night in 50 ft; Waianae, Oahu Island, Hawaii Islands, USA; 62,9 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 707-01/1

Euprotomus bulla x chrysostomus; hybrid form; Sogod, Cebu Island, Philippines; by tangle net;

  1. 73 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 703-03/2
  2. 74,5 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 703-03/1

Euprotomus bulla x vomer; hybrid form; New Caledonia, Melanesia; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Margistrombus simanoki Liverani, 2013; Paratype 9; 51 mm.; Indonesia (?); Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Conomurex coniformis (Sowerby II, 1842); Shanna, Oman, Indian Ocean; t: 49 mm, b: 60 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Dolomena wienekei Wiersma & D. Monsecour, 2012; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. Kokopo, Rabaul, East New Britain Province, New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea; 120 ft steep slope, black muddy sand; 4/1977; 35 mm
  2. Honiara, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands; 31 mm
  3. Honiara, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands; 35 mm

Dolomena minima x variabilis; hybrid form; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  • t: Swain reefs; Queensland, Australia; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 619-15/1
  • b: New Caledonia, Melanesia; Coll. Liverani no. 619-07/1

Dolomena teschi (Cox, 1948); Holotype; Togopi formation, Pliocene; Dent Peninsula, Sungei Togopi, Northern Borneo, Malaysia; 42,8 mm
Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 14400; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Canarium ochroglottis (Abbott, 1960); Madagascar; 30 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus galeatus (Swainson, 1823); Loreto, Baja California Sur, Mexico; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Varicospira tyleri (H. & A. Adams, 1864); Japan; 12,5 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 1502-1

  1. Varicospira kooli Moolenbeek & Dekker, 2007; Western Thailand; 21,3 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 1505-02/1
  2. Varicospira cf. kooli Moolenbeek & Dekker, 2007; Acapoles (?); 24,9 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 1505-01/1

Varicospira crispata (Sowerby, 1842); Philippines Islands; dwarf specimen; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 10,5 mm
  2. 7,0 mm

Rimella crassilabrum Deshayes, 1835; Monaville?, France?; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 29,5 mm
  2. 26,2 mm

Rimella javana (Martin, 1879); late Miocene; Nyalindung, Sukabumi, West Java Province, Java Island, Indonesia; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 21,0 mm
  2. 20,5 mm

Rimella appeninensis Sacco, 1893; middle Oligocene; S. Agata, Bassano, Italy; 21 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Rimella retiae de Gregorio, 1880; Lutetian, Eocene; Albanello, Chiampo, Italy; 32,7 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Rimella retiae de Gregorio, 1880; middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; 22 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Rimella retiae de Gregorio, 1880; middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Rimella sp.; middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; 12,5 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Ectinochilus sp.; middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; 20,8 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Ectinochilus sp.; Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Buschetto, Chiampo, Italy; 22,0 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Dientomochilus ornatus (Deshayes, 1835); Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Albanello, Chiampo, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 8,1 mm
  2. 7,7 mm
  3. 10,0 mm

Dientomochilus ornatus (Deshayes, 1835); middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; 8,4 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

cf. Bizarrus sp.; Cretaceous; Dakhla region, Morocco; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

cf. Bizarrus sp.; Cretaceous; Morocco; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Antarctodarwinella ellioti Zinsmeister, 1976; La Meseta Formation, Eocene; Seymour Island, James Ross Island group, Antarctic Peninsula, Antarctica; 40 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 4300-01

Tylospira coronata (Tate, 1889); lower Pliocene; McDonald's Bank, Yulecary, Victoria, Australia; 37 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Perissodonta mirabilis (Smith, 1875); Kerguelen Island; from 400 m; sifty bottom; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 50 mm
  2. 32 mm

Dilatilabrum fortisi (Brongniart, 1823); Bartonian, Eocene; Roncà, Verona Province, Veneto Region, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 102 mm
  2. 51 mm with rest of colour
  3. 19 mm early whorls
  4. show surface of later whorls

Dilatilabrum fortisi (Brongniart, 1823); Bartonian, Eocene; Roncà, Verona Province, Veneto Region, Italy; 102 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Strombolaria crucis (Bayan, 1870); lower Lutetian, Eocene; Albanello Quarry, Chiampo, Vicenza, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 40 mm
  2. 37 mm
  3. 43 mm
  4. 41 mm

Strombolaria crucis (Bayan, 1870); juvenile; lower Lutetian, Eocene; Albanello Quarry, Chiampo, Vicenza, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 18,5 mm
  2. 34 mm

Stromboconus sp.; Cuisian, Ypresian, Eocene; Cava Rossi, Monte di Malo, Vicenza Province, Veneto Region, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 65 mm
  2. 36 mm
  3. 49 mm
  4. 39 mm

Stromboconus sp.; Cuisian, Ypresian, Eocene; Cava Rossi, Monte di Malo, Vicenza Province, Veneto Region, Italy

Stromboconus suessi (Bayan, 1870); Lutetian, Eocene; Roncà, Verona Province, Veneto Region, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 70 mm
  2. 93 mm

Stromboconus suessi (Bayan, 1870); Lutetian, Eocene; Roncà, Verona Province, Veneto Region, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 46 mm
  2. 31 mm

Silicone mold of Oostrombus naticiformis (Oppenheim, 1901); Priabonian, upper Eocene; Alonte, Lonigo, Vicenza, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Oostrombus sp.; upper Oligocene; Soghe near Lago di Fimon, Vicenza Province, Veneto Region, Italy; 47 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Orthaulax hernandoensis Mansfield, 1937; Suwannee Limestone Formation, lower Oligocene; Zephyr Hills, Pasco County, Florida, USA; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 56 mm
  2. 51,5 mm

Orthaulax dainellii Savazzi, 1989; Lutetian, Eocene; Albanello, Ciampo, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 56,5 mm
  2. 40,7 mm

Orthaulax dainellii Savazzi, 1989; Lutetian, Eocene; Albanello, Ciampo, Italy; 72,0 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Oostrombus auriculatus Grateloup, 1834; Oligocene; SS. Trinita di Montecchio Maggiore, Vicenza, Italy; 117 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Chedevillia insuturata (de Gregorio, 1880); middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; slightly repaired Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Chedevillia insuturata (de Gregorio, 1880); middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; slightly repaired; 145 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Digitolabrum zigni (de Gregorio, 1880); middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; slightly repaired Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Digitolabrum sp.; Eocene; Egypt; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  • Comment: might be D. abedi, but the appropriate literature is missing (Abbass, 1967)

Chedevillia begiati (de Gregorio, 1880); middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; 75 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Oostrombus tournoueri (Bayan, 1870); lower Lutetian, Eocene; Albanello Quarry, Chiampo, Vicenza, Italy; 110 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Chedevillia sp.; Bartonian, Priabonian, Eocene; Alonte, Lonigo, Vicenza, Italy; 50 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Carinrostrina postalensis (Bayan, 1870); Cuisian, Ypresian, Eocene; Cava Rossi, Monte di Malo, Vicenza Province, Veneto Region, Italy; 53 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Carinrostrina sp.; middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 115 mm (fragment extrapolates to 300 - 400 mm)
  2. 97 mm

Carinrostrina postalensis (Bayan, 1870); lower Eocene; Monte Postale, NE of Bolca, Verona and Vicenza Provinces, Veneto Region, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Eotibia pellegrini (De Gregorio, 1880); Lutetian, Eocene; Main quarry, Arzignano, Vicenza, Italy; 47 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Eotibia pellegrini (De Gregorio, 1880); juvenile; Lutetian, Eocene; Albanello Quarry, Chiampo, Vicenza, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 21 mm
  2. 16 mm

Eotibia lejeuni (Rouault, 1850); Cuisian, Ypresian, Eocene; Gan, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  1. 24 mm
  2. 24 mm

Eotibia cf. lejeuni (Rouault, 1850); Cuisian, Ypresian, Eocene; Cava Rossi, Monte di Malo, Vicenza Province, Veneto Region, Italy; 22 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Tibia sp.; Chattian, Oligocene; Saint-Paul-les-Dax, Landes, Bordeaux, France; r: 60 mm, m: 50 mm, Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  • Comment Liverani: Straight posterior canal, deep sinus, two teeth on lip

Tibia dentata (Grateloup, 1827); Aquitanian-Burdigalian, Miocene; Merignac near Bordeaux, Gironde, France; l: 129 mm r: 134 mm, Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  • Comment Virgilio Liverani: straight posterior canal, shallow sinus, two, rarely three teeth on lip, short spur.

Tibia ordalensis (Almera & Bofill, 1886); Tortonian, Miocene; San Pau de Ordal, Barcelona, Spain; l: 147 mm, r: 146 mm;
Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  • Comment Liverani: curled posterior canal, deep sinus, three teeth and one protuberance on lip, long spur.

Tibia ordalensis (Almera & Bofill, 1886); reconstructed spur; Tortonian, Miocene; Weitendorf, Styria (Steiermark) State, Austria; l: 155 mm; m: 140 mm (original incomplete spur)
Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  • Comment Virgilio Liverani: curled posterior canal, deep sinus, three teeth and one protuberance on lip, long spur

Sulcogladius spiratus (Rouault, 1848); Cuisian, Ypresian, Eocene; Gan, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Terebellopsis bellardii (De Gregorio, 1880); middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; 104 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Terebellopsis bellardii (De Gregorio, 1880); middle Lutetian, Eocene; Cava Grola, Valdagno, Italy; juvenile specimen; 47 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Strombus mitroparvus Sacco, 1893; Burdigalian, Miocene; Baldissero, Turin, Piedmont Region, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 2604-12/09

Strombus mitroparvus Sacco, 1893; Burdigalian, Miocene; Baldissero, Turin, Piedmont Region, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 2604-12/09

Strombus mitroparvus Sacco, 1893; Aquitanian, Miocene; Vives Quarry, Saint-Martin-d'Oney, Landes, France; Coll. Liverani no. 2604-06/6

Euprotomus schroeckingeri (Hörnes & Auinger, 1884); Badenian, Miocene; Weitendorf, Styria (Steiermark) State, Austria; Coll. Elmar Mai

  1. 47,0 mm
  2. 43,6 mm
  3. 50,0 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani
  4. 43,8 mm
  5. 29,0 mm

Persististrombus coronatus (Defrance, 1827); Pliocene; Pietrafitta, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Persististrombus coronatus (Defrance, 1827); Pliocene; Ceriale, Italy; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Tricornis maximus (Martin, 1883); Miocene; Nyalindung, Sukabumi, West Java Province, Java Island, Indonesia; 190 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Tricornis maximus (Martin, 1883); juvenile specimen; Miocene; Nyalindung, Sukabumi, West Java Province, Java Island, Indonesia; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Strombus pugilis x alatus; hybrid form; Florida, USA; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Strombus pugilis Linnaeus, 1758; Playa del Carmen, Solidaridad Municipality, Quintana Roo State, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Strombus alatus Gmelin, 1791; Punta Rassa, Florida, USA; low Tide, exposed sand; 93 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Aporrhais cf. dactyla; Langhian, Miocene; Albugnano, Torino, Italy; 20 mm (both); Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 3002/06-02

Aporrhais cf. meridionalis (Basterot, 1825); Langhian, Miocene; Albugnano, Torino, Italy; 14 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 3009-02

Pereiraea gervaisi Vezian, 1856; Badenian, Miocene; Sant Pau d'Ordal, Penedes, Barcelona, Spain; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Pereiraea gervaisi Vezian, 1856; upper Oligocene/lowermost Miocene; spines are reconstructed; Marina di Funtanazza, Guspini, Sardinia, Italy; 83,0 mm;
Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Strombus bifrons Sowerby, 1850; Gurabo Formation, Miocene; Rio Gurabo, Dominican Republic; 37 mm;
Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Persististrombus aldrichi (Dall, 1890); Chipola Formation, Burdigalian, Miocene; Florida, USA; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 1-2-5;
Persististrombus chipolanus (Dall, 1890); Chipola Formation, Burdigalian, Miocene; Florida, USA; Coll. Virgilio Liverani no. 3-4

  1. Chipola River, west bank about 2000ft above Farley Creek, Calhoun County, Florida; 47 mm; Ex-coll. Marc Grigis
  2. Ten Mile Creek, Calhoun County, Florida; 52,5 mm
  3. Chipola River, 59 mm
  4. Chipola River, 63,5 mm
  5. Chipola River, 58,5 mm

Persististrombus chipolanus (Dall, 1890); Chipola Formation, Burdigalian, Miocene; Ten Mile Creek, Calhoun County, Florida, USA; 56 mm; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Persististrombus granulatus (Swainson, 1822); Wreck Bay, San Cristobal Island, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador; taken on sandy bottom at 8 m; coll. 1970; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

Harpagodes cf. oceani (Brongniart, 1821); reconstruction; Barremian, Cretaceous; Méjannes-le-Clap, Gard, South West France; Coll. Virgilio Liverani

  • The body is about 10 cm, the first two fingers (near the apex) are 80% original, the third is half, the others only the base.

Photos from Virgilio Liveranis photo collection

Tibia wenki Cox, 1948; Holotype; upper Miocene or Pliocene; Dent Peninsula, Sungei Togopi, Northern Borneo, Malaysia
Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 14406; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Labiostrombus denti Cox, 1948; Holotype; upper Miocene or Pliocene; Dent Peninsula, Sungei Togopi, Northern Borneo, Malaysia
Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 14402; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Labiostrombus overbecki, Holotype; upper Miocene or Pliocene; Dent Peninsula, Sungei Togopi, Northern Borneo, Malaysia; Ex-coll. E. Wenk, 1937
Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 14396; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Dolomena togopiensis (Cox, 1948), Holotype; Pliocene; Dent Peninsula, Sungei Togopi, Northern Borneo, Malaysia; 37,5 mm; Ex-coll. E. Wenk, 1937
Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 14397; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Varicospira spinifera (Martin, 1899); upper Miocene or Pliocene; Dent Peninsula, Sungei Togopi, Northern Borneo, Malaysia; Ex-coll. E. Wenk, 1937
Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 14411; Photo Virgilio Liverani; from Cox, 1948

Pseudanchura carinata (Mantell, 1822); Gault Clay, Albian, Cretaceous; Folkestone, Kent County, south-east England; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Pugioptera requieniana (d'Orbigny, 1843); "Craie chloritée", Turonian, upper Cretaceous; Saint-Paul-trois-Châteaux, Drôme, France
Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 15952; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Helicaulax ornatus (d'Orbigny, 1843); "Craie chloritée", Turonian, upper Cretaceous; Saint-Paul-trois-Châteaux, Drôme, France; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 15948; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Chedevillia insuturata (de Gregorio, 1880); Collection unknown; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Pictures by Virgilio Liverani

Sulcogladius spiratus (Rouault, 1848); Bartonian, Eocene; Niederhorn, Thun BE, Switzerland; Coll. Mayer-Eymar no. s.3282; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 18317; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Cuphosolenus cf. tetracer (d'Orbigny,?); Kimmeridgian, Jurassic; Tönnjeberg near Hannover, Germany; Ex-coll. Merian, 1858; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 15917; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Phyllocheilus stella (d'Orbigny, 1850); "Corallien blanc", Oxfordian, Jurassic; Creue, Meuse, France; Ex-coll. Köchlin, 1852; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 15908; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus gigas (Linnaeus, 1758); Bowden Formation, Pliocene; Saint-Thomas, East of Port Morant (type locality of Bowden Formation), Jamaica; Ex-coll. P. Jung, 1969; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel no. H 16610 (hypotypoid for Jung, 1971, Strombus gigas, Nautilus 84(4), 129, Fig.1); Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus cf. gigas (Linnaeus, 1758); Coll. NMB loc. no. 18744; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus vokesae Landau, Kronenberg & Herbert, 2008; Gurabo Formation, Late Miocene/Early Pliocene; Cibao Valley, Río Gurabo, Dominican Republic
Coll. P. Jung & J. Geister, 17.3.1979; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel loc. no. 16810; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus vokesae Landau, Kronenberg & Herbert, 2008; Rio Cana, Canada de Zamba, Dominican Republic; 250 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16818

Lobatus haitensis (Sowerby, 1850); Dominican Republic; 89 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16865; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus haitensis (Sowerby, 1850); Canada de Zamba, Dominican Republic; 60 mm; Ex-coll. Jung & Geister, 1979, Coll. NMB loc. no. 16818\\Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus haitensis; (Sowerby, 1850); Coll. NMB loc. no. 16828; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus haitensis; (Sowerby, 1850); Coll. NMB; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus haitensis (Sowerby, 1850); Coll. NMB; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus haitensis (Sowerby, 1850); Coll. NMB; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus dominator Pilsbry & Johnson, 1917; Dominican Republic; 110 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16817; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus dominator Pilsbry & Johnson, 1917; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16817; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus dominator Pilsbry & Johnson, 1917; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16818; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus galliformis (Pilsbry & Johnson, 1917); Gurabo Formation, late Miocene, early Pliocene; Cibao Valley, Río Gurabo, Dominican Republic; 106 mm
Coll. P. Jung & A. Eva, 24.1.1978; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel loc. no. 15871; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus galliformis (Pilsbry & Johnson, 1917); fragment; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16910; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus galliformis (Pilsbry & Johnson, 1917); Coll. NMB loc. no. 17265; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus cf. gigas (Linnaeus, 1758); Neogene; Rio Yaque del Sur, Dominican Republic; 77 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16898; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus cf. leidyi (Heilprin, 1887); Panama; 143 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 18373; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus cf. leidyi (Heilprin, 1887); Coll. NMB loc. no. 18734; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Lobatus cf. peruvianus (Swainson, 1823); Coll. NMB loc. no. 18306; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus pugiloides Guppy, 1873; Bowden shell bed, Bowden Formation, Pliocene; Bowden Shop, Bowden, Jamaica; Outcrop opened by bulldozer
Coll. E. Robinson, P. Jung, Myrtle Haase et al., 12.5.1969; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel loc. no. 11146; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus pugiloides Guppy, 1873; Bowden shell bed, Bowden Formation, Pliocene; Bowden, Bowden Shop, Jamaica; Outcrop opened by bulldozer
Coll. E. Robinson, P. Jung, Myrtle Haase et al., 12.5.1969, Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel loc. no. 11146; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus cf. pugiloides Guppy, 1873; Dominican Republic; 52 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17781; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus cf. pugiloides Guppy, 1873; Rio Banano Formation, Piacenzian, Pliocene; Limon, Costa Rica; 64 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17448; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus cf. pugiloides Guppy, 1873; Dominican Republic; 63 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17452; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus cf. pugiloides Guppy, 1873; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17477; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus cf. pugiloides Guppy, 1873; Coll. NMB; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Panama/Costa Rica (?); 61 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17745; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Escudo de Veraguas Island, Bocas del Toro, Panama; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17626; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Panama/Costa Rica (?); 61 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17746; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Golfo Dulce, Rio La Vaca, Costa Rica; 85 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 18289; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Panama(?); 76 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 18744; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Escudo de Veraguas Island, Bocas del Toro, Panama; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17833; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Escudo de Veraguas Island, Bocas del Toro, Panama; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17838; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Escudo de Veraguas Island, Bocas del Toro, Panama; Coll. NMB loc. no. 18671; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17454; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17455; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17477; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Coll. NMB loc. no. 18373; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Coll. NMB loc. no. 18374; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; Cayo-Agua Island, Bocas del Toro, Panama; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17831; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus sp. ; 300 m west of Punta Tiburon, east coast of Cayo-Agua Island, Bocas del Toro, Panama; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17809; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus bifrons Sowerby, 1850; Bowden Formation, Pliocene; Bowden, Jamaica; 70 mm; Coll. Jooss & Strasser, 3/1931;
Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel loc. no. 10635; Photo Virgilio Liverani

  • SE coast. Port Morant, E side. Originally 5 localities within the Bowden Fm., in an area not exceeding 200 m2. No exact geographical data are given.
    Partly marked as B1-B5. All 5 localities must have been east of Port Morant (type locality of Bowden Fm)

Strombus cf. bifrons Sowerby, 1850; Coll. NMB loc. no. PJ 1572

Strombus bifrons Sowerby, 1850; Dominican Republic; Coll. NMB

Strombus gatunensis Toula, 1909; Panama/Costa Rica; Coll. NMB loc. no. 18772; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus cf. gatunensis Toula, 1909; Dominican Republic; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17778; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus cf. gatunensis Toula, 1909; Dominican Republic; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17779; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus cf. gatunensis Toula, 1909; Between Punta Piedra Roja and Punta Tiburon, east coast of Cayo Agua Island,

 Bocas del Toro, Panama; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17904; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus proximus Sowerby, 1850; Dominican Republic; 61 mm; Coll. NMB; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus proximus Sowerby, 1850; Dominican Republic; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16910; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus cf. proximus Sowerby, 1850; Dominican Republic; 83 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16913; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus aff. dodoneus Gardner, 1947; basal Caujarao Formation, late middle Miocene; San Rafael, 3.5 km SSW of Pueblo Cumarebo, Falcón, Venezuela.
Is the El Busco NMB loc. no. 13665, but this name is non-geographical, and is unacceptable. Small sst. outcrop among houses 100 m S of road at W end
of San Rafael; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17529; Ex-coll. J., W., & F. Gibson-Smith, 1974-80; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus cf. gatunensis Toula, 1909; Dominican Republic; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17772; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Strombus gatunensis Toula, 1909; Cayo Agua Island, Bocas del Toro, Panama; 86 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17635; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Digitolabrum zigni (de Gregorio, 1880); unknown collection; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Seraphs subconvolutus (d'Orbigny, 1852); Oligocene; Castelgomberto near Vicenza, Italy; Coll. Mayer-Eymar; Coll. NMB no. H 16577; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Miniseraphs eratoides (Cossmann, 1889); Lutetian, Eocene; Chaussy, Oise, France; 7 mm; Coll. Mayer-Eymar no. s.3424; Coll. NMB no. H 14503
Photo Virgilio Liverani

Mauryna plicata (d'Archiac & Haime, 1854); upper Ranikot beds, late Paleocene; Sind, Pakistan; 51 mm; Coll. NMB no. H 15324 (cast of BM(NH) GG 21015)
Photo Virgilio Liverani

Miniseraphs isabella (Deshayes, 1865); Lutetian, Eocene; Chaussy, Oise, France

  1. 14 mm; Coll. Mayer Eymar no. s.3425; Coll. NMB no. H 16545
  2. 16 mm; Coll. Mayer Eymar no. s.3425; Coll. NMB no. H 14502

Seraphs mayeri Jung, 1974, Holotype; Oligocene; Monte Grumi, Castelgomberto, Italy; 21 mm; Coll. Mayer-Eymar no. s.3422; Coll. NMB no. H 16578
Photo Virgilio Liverani

Paraseraphs placitus Jung, 1974; Lutetian, Eocene; Chaussy, Oise, France; Coll. NMB; Ex-coll. Gutzwiller 1912; Photo Virgilio Liverani

  1. Holotype; 26 mm; Coll. NMB no. H 14491
  2. Paratype; 28 mm; Coll. NMB no. H 10539

Paraseraphs propedistortus (de Gregorio, 1880); Lutetian, Eocene; Italy; Coll. NMB; Coll. Mayer-Eymar; Photo Virgilio Liverani

  1. Piana-Cornedo; 35 mm; Coll. NMB no. H 14510
  2. Ciuppio, S. Giovanni Ilarione; 27 mm; Coll. NMB no. H 16503
  3. Piana-Cornedo; 58 mm; Coll. NMB no. H 14509
  4. Piana-Cornedo; 52 mm; Coll. NMB no. H 16501

Oostrombus auriculatus Grateloup, 1834; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Orthaulax sp.; Quita Caraza, Dominican Republic; 180 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17113, 17137; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Orthaulax sp.; Quita Caraza, Dominican Republic; 122 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16894; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Orthaulax sp.; Dominican Republic; 130 mm; Coll. NMB loc. no. 16899; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Orthaulax sp.; Coll. NMB loc. no. 17288; Photo Virgilio Liverani

Pereiraea "beyrichi" Mayer-Eymar (sp. name not published); Eocene; Fajum, Egypt; Coll. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel; Photo Virgilio Liverani

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