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Species / Aporrhais Serresiana


Original Description of Rostellaria Serresiana by Michaud, 1828, p. 120:

  • "R. Testa parva, turrita, imperforata, albo-lutescente; transversim striata; anfractibus supremis medio unicarinatis, postremo tri-carinato; carinis nodiferis ad digitationes decurrentibus; labro expanso, quadri-digitato; digitis canaliculatis; rostro praelongo, recto, tenui, acuto; apertura coarctata."

Locus typicus: off Barcelona, Barcelona Province, Autonomous community of Catalonia, Spain

Type material: not known (Bouchet & Waren, 1993; see also Boyer & Audibert, 2007)

Rostellaria serresiana Michaud, 1828, pl. 1, fig. 3, 4

Etymology: Named after Pierre Marcel Toussaint de Serres, 1780-1862, french geologist.

History and Synonymy

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828: 120, pl. I, fig. 3,4) [as Rostellaria serresiana]

  • Syn.: Chenopus desciscens Philippi, 1844: 185 (†)
  • Syn.: Chenopus descipiens Philippi. Weinkauff, 1867: 153 [incorrect subsequent spelling] (†)
  • Syn.: Aporrhais macandreae Jeffreys, 1867: 253
  • Syn.: Aporrhais pes-carbonaris Gabb, 1868: 144 [incorrect subsequent spelling]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais pes-carbonis Brongniart. Sowerby, 1842: 21, pl. 5, fig.1 [non Brongniart, 1823]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais pes pelecani sarsii Kobelt, 1908: 17, pl. 102, fig. 3, 4
  • Syn.: Aporrhais sarsii minor Monterosato, yyyy: pp (†)
  • Syn.: Aporrhais sarsii palmipes Moterosato, yyyy: pp (†)
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serreseanus Auct. [incorrect subsequent spelling]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serreseanus borealis Kobelt, 1888: 155
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serreseanus hexapoda Nordsieck, 1968: 97, pl. XV, fig. 57.17
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresiana forma macandrewae Jeffreys, 1867. Marquet, Grigis & Landau, 2002:155 [incorrect subsequent spelling]
  • Syn.: Rostellaria serresiana var. minor Locard, 1890: 10
  • Syn.: Rostellaria serresiana var. ventricosa Locard, 1890: 11
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus forma adulta Sars, 1878: 192, pl. 22, fig. 7a, b
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. applicata Settepassi, 1971: XVII, pl. 9, fig. 3 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. bicaudatus Settepassi, 1971: XX, pl. 13, fig. 32 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. bifida Settepassi, 1971: XVIII, pl. 10, fig. 8 [not available]
  • Syn.: Rostellaria serresiana var. crassa Locard, 1890: 11
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. digito-cornutus Settepassi, 1971: XX, pl. 12, fig. 30 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. expensa Settepassi, 1971: XVII, pl. 9, fig. 7 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus digitis brevibus Settepassi, 1971: XVII, pl. 9, fig. 4, 5 [not available, non binom.]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. fecundus Settepassi, 1971: XX, pl. 12, fig. 28 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. foliacea Settepassi, 1971: XVIII, pl. 10, fig. 11 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. immodicus Settepassi, 1971: XX, pl. 12, fig. 29 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus forma juvenilis Sars, 1878: 192, pl. 13, fig. 4
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus longi-digitatus Settepassi, 1971: XX, pl. 13, fig. 31
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. multiplicata Settepassi, 1971: XVIII, pl. 10, fig. 10 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. multiplicatus Settepassi, 1971: XX, pl. 13, fig. 33 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. mutilus Settepassi, 1971: XX, pl. 12, fig. 25a, 27 [not available]
  • Syn.: Chenopus serresianus var pliorara Sacco 1893: 26, pl. II, fig. 23 (†)
  • Syn.: Chenopus serresianus var pliotransiens Sacco 1893: 27, pl. II, fig. 26 (†)
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. sexta-digitata Settepassi:1971: XVIII, pl. 10, fig. 9 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. tri-digitata Settepassi, 1971: XVII [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. varia Settepassi, 1971: XVII, pl. 9, fig. 6 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus violaceus digitatus Settepassi, 1971: XX [not available, non binom.]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus anom. vix-prominens Settepassi, 1971: XVII, pl. 9, fig. 2 [not available]
  • Syn.: Aporrhais serresianus hesapoda Nordsieck. Settepassi, 1971: XX [incorrect subsequent spelling]


Rostellaria pespelecani from Kiener, 1843, pl. ? , fig. 2


Philippi describes Chenopus desciscens

  • Original Description of Chenopus desciscens by Philippi, 1844, p. 185:
    • "Ch. testa turrita, exilissime perforata; anfractib. rotundatis, superioribus obsoletissime et tenuissime oblique plicatis, ultimo quadricarinato, labro (in 5? digitos diviso?)."
  • is treated here as a synonym for fossil Aporrhais serresiana

Comment Philippi, 1844, p. 185:

  • "Rarissimus; fragmentum unum Panormi, altera duo in valle Lamati Calabriae inveni, maximum apice et labro laesum."
  • "Testa 12´´´ alta fuisse videtur. Anfractus superiores aequaliter convexi, striis elevatis arcuatis confertissimis (circa 40), striisque transversis longe minus eminentibus circa 11-20 lente quaerendis sculpti sunt. In penultimo nascuntur carinulae duae, ibique costellae longitudinales in nodulos eriguntur, in ultimo carinae quatuor valde distinctae adsunt, supremi duae exquisite nodulosae, ultima laevis, et costellae prorsus evanuerunt. Digitus supremus subrectus spira brevior fuisse videtur. Tota testa umbilico angustissimo aciculari perforata est. - Summa affinitas cum Ch. paradoxo Ph. (Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Tertiärverst. des nordw. Deutschl. p. 24.) in propatulo est, sed in hoc carinae nodulos conjungentes desiderantur."

pl. 27, fig. 6, 7


Rostellaria pes-carbonis in Reeve, 1851, Rostellaria, pl. 1, fig. 1


Aporrhais pescarbonis in Forbes & Hanley, 1853, pl. LXXXIX, fig. 5, 6


Aporrhais pes-carbonis Sowerby, 1859, pl. XV, fig. 5

  • Comment: Sowerby used Brongniarts name, which belongs to an eocene (?) Aporrhais from Italy (see Aporrhais pescarbonis). In the synonyms the name "serresiana" is cited.


Original Description of Aporrhais Macandreae by Jeffreys, 1867, p. 253:

  • "Body whitish, with a triangular patch of light pink on the neck: snout not extending as far as the foot by a flake-white line or streak: tentacles sometimes curved like the horns of an ox, one on each side of the snout, speckled towards the tips with flake-white, and marked on the upper side by a white line down the middle; tips blunt, and yellow: eyes prominent, on short tubercles or stalks: foot narrow, in front obtusely rounded or nearly truncated, with a short angular corner at each side, behind pointed. Shell much smaller and of a more delicate shape and finer texture than the last species [A. pespelecani]; when young it is thin, transparent, and glossy: sculpture nearly similar; but the ribs on the last two whorls are less knotty; the riblets on the upper whorls are more numerous; the spiral striae are stronger and fewer on the lower part of the body-whorl and on the back of the outer lip, and are sometimes alternately large and small: colour whitish, sometimes having a pale fawn tinge: spire rather short; it does not taper as in the other species, nor is the apex so liable to be broken off: whorls 7-8, convex, but not angulated: suture less distinct between the lower whorls, owing to the above want of angularity: mouth proportionally shorter and wider: outer lip relatively larger, more palmated and flatter, divided into 4 processes, besides the basal point; all these form spikes, and far exceed in length the digitated processes of A. pes-pelecani; in the present species the uppermost spike frequently extends beyond the spire in a parallel direction, and is bent backwards; the lowermost spike has about the same length, and is also finely pointed, being slightly curved outwards; the three spikes which belong to the pterygoid flap or expansion project considerably, and are separate; the smaller two resemble the fork made by divided fingers; all the spikes are similarly grooved; the inside of the outer lip is microscopically pustulated: inner lip thin, spread over the lower side of the last three whorls; basal long fold and narrow: operculum slighter than that of A. pes-pelecani, but agreeing with it in other respects. L. 1.2. B. (to the furthest spike of the pterygoid flap) 1."
    • Types: 2 syntypes USNM 187883, 1 syntype SMNH (Bouchet & Waren, 1993)
    • Locus typicus: 6-50 miles east of Shetland, from 72-154 m (Bouchet & Waren, 1993)
    • Etymology: "Named in honour of the discoverer, Mr. Robert McAndrew, who has done so much to increase our knowledge of the Mollusca of the European seas." (Jeffreys, 1867, p. 253)
    • Habitat: Muddy sand in 40-85 f. on the east coast of Shetland, at a distance from land of 6-50 miles (McAndrew, Barlee, and J.G.J.); it is gregarious, although very local. M'Andrew and Barrett dredged a single dead specimen off the coast of Upper Norway, at a depth of 70 f.; but no Scandinavian zoologist appears to have met with it. (Jeffreys, 1867, p. 254)
    • Biology: " This mollusk is not so inactive as its associate, A.pes-pelecani. Its faeces are oval and brownish." (Jeffreys, 1867, p. 254)
  • Jeffreys, 1867 cited Forbes & Hanley, 1852/1853 pl. LXXXIX, fig. 5, 6


Jeffreys, J. Gwyn,

  • The deep-sea dredging expedition in H. M. S. "Porcupine", Nature, 1869, 135-137

about Aporrhais serresiana:

  • "The next cruise was for ten days, and comprised the examination of the sea-bed between Galway and the Porcupine Bank, as well as beyond the Bank, at depths varying from 85 to 1,230 fathoms. All the Mollusca were northern, except Aporrhais Serresianus; and even that I am now inclined to consider identical with A. Macandreae, which inhabits the coasts of Norway and Shetland; the latter appears to be a dwarf variety or form."


Aporrhais pescarbonis in Gardner, 1875, pl. III, fig. 15


Aporrhais serresianus forma juvenilis in Sars, 1878:192, pl. 13, fig. 4

Aporrhais serresianus forma adulta in Sars, 1878:192, pl. 22, fig. 7a, b


Aporrhais pes pelecani sarsii Kobelt, 1908: 17, pl. 102, fig. 3, 4

  • based on Sars, 1878, pl. 22, fig. 7
  • types: presumably in ZMO (Bouchet & Waren, 1993)
  • Locus typicus: persumably in Norway (Bouchet & Waren, 1993)


Aporrhais serresianus in Dautzenberg, 1913, pl. 16, fig. 53


Nordsieck, 1968, p. 97:

  • "serreseanus hexapoda n. ssp. - 40 mm. Mit 6 Fingern. Ibiza, häufig. Siehe Abbildung."

Aporrhais serreseanus hexapoda Nordsieck, 1968: 97, pl. XV, fig. 57.17

Aporrhais hexapes Nordsieck [collection label]; probably holotype of Aporrhais serreseanus hexapoda Nordsieck, 1968; Ibiza, Spain; 43 mm; Coll. Senckenberg Museum Frankfurt


Bouchet & Waren, 1993 show the protoconch of a newly settled larva and the radula.


Boyer & Audibert, 2007, p. 151:

  • "Rostellaria serresiana Michaud, 1828 : 120-121, figs 3-4. Loc. typ. : «Habite à Barcelone (Espagne)... »."
  • "Aucun lot attribuable à la collection Michaud. Remarques: Une coquille de 33,2 mm (de l’apex à l’extrémité de la digitation inférieure), sans étiquette attachée, est attribuée par Locard (label extérieur, lot n° 45009051) à la collection Michaud. Cette attribution sans preuve paraît d’autant plus douteuse que la taille du spécimen est très inférieure à la taille donnée par Michaud (40 à 42 mm). Une coquille sur carton de la collection Terver (lot n° 9050), mesurant 36 mm et accompagnée de la localité « Catalogne », s’avère très comparable à la figure type de Michaud pour son contour, la forme et les proportions de ses digitations et pour la sculpture de ses tours. Néanmoins l’apex du spécimen de Terver est cassé, alors que la figure type de Michaud montre un apex intact, et la taille de ce spécimen est bien inférieure à celles données par Michaud. L’espèce de Michaud est considérée comme valide. Elle fait l’objet d’un replacement générique comme Aporrhais serresianus (Michaud, 1828)."

Specimens from private collections

Aporrhais serresiana macandreae Jeffrey, 1867; Shetland Islands, Scotland, northeast of Great Britain; 1968; Coll. René Vanwalleghem

  1. 40 mm
  2. 41 mm

Aporrhais serresiana macandreae Jeffrey, 1867; Shetland Islands, Scotland, northeast of Great Britain; 150 m; Coll. Clint Vanleke

Aporrhais serresiana macandreae Jeffrey, 1867; Vestmannaeyjar, Southern Region, Iceland; trawled in 200 m; 1988; Coll. René Vanwalleghem

  1. 38 mm
  2. 32 mm

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); W edge of Porcupine bight (N 51° 54, W 14° 54), Territorial Waters, Ireland; 385 m; Coll. Clint Vanleke

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); La Rochebonne Bank, Bay of Biscay, Gironde Department, France; trawled in 90 m; 45 mm; 2004; Coll. René Vanwalleghem

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); Bay of Biscay, Bordeaux, Gironde Department, France; trawled in 120 m; 2013; Coll. Clint Vanleke

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); El Garraf, Barcelona Province, Autonomous community of Catalonia, Spain; from 300-400 m; 4/2011; Coll. Clint Vanleke

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); Quartu Sant'Elena, Cagliari Province, Sardinia Region, Sardinia Island, Italy; 7/2013; Coll. Clint Vanleke

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); freak; off Sardinia Channel, Italy; 650 m; Coll. Andrea Nappus

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); freak; Capo Teulada, Cagliary Gulf, Tyrrhenian Sea, Sardinia, Italy; deepsea trawl, collected at -1000m depth; 2017; Coll. Eddy Wilmet

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); freak; off Sardinia Channel, Italy; 650 m; Coll. Andrea Nappus

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); La Maddalena, La Maddalena Island, Sassari Province, Sardinia Region, Italy; 5/2014; Coll. Clint Vanleke

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); coast of the Ionian Sea, Italy; Coll. Clint Vanleke

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); off Malta Island, Mediterranean Sea; 1982; Coll. Eric Vanloo

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); Coll. Dramey Hervé

Aporrhais serresiana (Michaud, 1828); Cape Juby, Tarfaya, Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra Region, southern Morocco; 53 mm; fished by UK154; 11/1988; Coll. Han Stoutjesdijk no. 504

Pliocene / Pleistocene morphs

Aporrhais pliorara (Sacco, 1893); Pliocene/Pleistocene; Torrente Stirone, Parma Province, Emilia Romagna Region, Italy; 26 mm; Coll. Stefano Granelli


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