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Species / Conomurex Fasciatus

Conomurex Fasciatus

Stromboidea


Original Description of Strombus fasciatus by Born, 1778, p. 274:

  • "Testa labro prominulo, anfractibus insimis obtuse spinosis, ventre fasciis fuscis."
  • "Die Schalenlefze raget etwas hervor, die untersten Gewinde sind mit stumpfen Stacheln gekrönet, und der Leib mit braunen Bändern Umgeben."
  • Testa laeuis,. Anfractus septem, infimi duo spinosi, spinis obtusis. Labrum reflexum. Basis obtusa biloba. Color tessae albus, ventris fasciis interruptis fiscis; faux rosea."
  • Die Schale ist glatt. Die Gewinde der Zahl nach sieben, davon die untersten mit stumpfen Knoten besezet sind. Die Schalenlefze ist rundlich, raget etwas hervor. Die Spindellefze übergeschlagen. Der Grund stumpf und zweylappig. Die Schale ist weiß, mit braunen unterbrochenen Bändern bemalet; der Schlund rosenroth."

Locus typicus: no locality given by Born, 1778.

Born, 1778 is citing "Mart. Konch. Kab. III. 78. t. 800-802. f." as reference.


History and Synonymy

Conomurex fasciatus (Born, 1778: 274) (Strombus)

  • Syn.: Strombus alatus Vernus, 1892: fig. 2—17 [non S. alatus Gmelin]
  • Syn.: Strombus dehelensis Ostini & Rigoletto, 1983: 21
  • Syn.: Strombus fasciatus var. elegans n. ssp. (?) [sic!] Romagna-Manoja, 1973: 18 [unavailable; published as a varietal name and/or a conditional name after 1960 ICZN arts. 15.1 and/or 15.2; non Strombus elegans Sowerby, 1842]
  • Syn.: Strombus (Lentigo) fasciatus elegans Romagna-Manoja, 1974: 12 [the specimen illustrated on the right is the Holotype according to the caption of that figure; see ICZN Art. 12.2.7 for availability; junior synonym of Strombus elegans Sowerby 2nd, 1842;]
  • Syn.: Lambis elegantissima Röding, 1798: 61
  • Syn.: Strombus flavigula Tryon, 1885: 120
  • Syn.: Strombus lineatus Lamarck, 1822: 211
  • Syn.: Strombus polyfasciatus Dillwyn, 1817: 662
  • Syn.: Strombus subulata Herbst, 1787: pl. 48 fig. 3 (with name) the species was subsequently described in Herbst 1788: 204 with reference to the figure.
  • Syn.: Strombus subulatus Herbst. Duclos, 1844: 7

1777

Alata sagittis lineata Martini, 1777, Vol. III, pl. LXXVIII, fig. 800-802

  • Comment: This figures were cited by Born, 1778 and by Röding, 1798

1788

Strombus polyfasciatus in Chemnitz, 1788, Vol. X, pl. 158, fig. 1483, 1484

1791

Strombus fasciatus Gmelin, 1791, p. 3510

  • Description: "Str. testae labro integro, dorso trifariam verrucis coronato inter verrucas roseo."
  • cited references: "List. Conch. t. 860. f.17.; Bonann. recr. 3. f. 306.; mus. Kircher. 3. f.307; Klein ostr. t. 6. f.107; Seb. mus. 3. t.62. f. 6-8; Mus. Gottwald. t. 17. f. 127; Knorr Vergn. 3. t. 17. f.1.; Martin. Conch. 3. t.82. f.833.834."
  • cited references var. alpha: "List. Conch. t.883. f.5.; Knorr Vergn. 5. t.16. f.4.; Martin. Conch. 3. t.90. f.890. et t.91. f.893
  • cited references var. beta: "Chemn. Conch. 10. t.155. f. 1483.1484"
  • "Habitat in Africa, testa tenuiori, duplo longiori, labro magis prominulo a lentiginoso distinctus, testa ceterum alba, anfractibus plurimis simplici verrucarum corona cinctis."

1798

Lambis elegantissima Röding, 1798: p. 61, § 773

  • Complete text of Röding, 1798:"Die sehr schöne Flü[gel]-Schnecke Gmel. Strombus fasciatus. sp- 9 Martini 3. t 78. f 800-802. Chemn. 10. t. 155, f. 1483. 1484"

1814

Strombus fasciatus L. Brocchi, 1814, p.386 (1843: p.173):

  • Seba, Mus., tab. 62, fig.8
  • Mercati, Metalloth., pag. 299, fig. 1 (fossilis).
  • Aldovr., Mus. metall., pag. 472, fig. 2 (fossilis)
  • Localities: "Abita nell'Oceano, nel mare dell'America meridionale presso le coste della Giammaica (Lin,). Fossile nelle Crete Sanesi fra Colle e San Geminiano, nelle colline Pisane e Volterrane, e nel Piacentino."
  • Comment: Brocchi is refering to different species, non of them is Conomurex fasciatus (Born, 1778).

1817

Strombus polyfasciatus Dillwyn, 1817: 662

  • Original Description of Strombus polyfasciatus by Dillwyn, 1817, p. 662:
    • "polyfasciatus. 13. Shell sub-ovate, with dark transverse interrupted stripes, and a row of pointed tubercles on each whirl; outer lip sinuated only towards the base, and the throat reddish yellow."
  • Locus typicus: "Inhabits the Red Sea. D'Avila. Coasts of Bengal. Favanne."

1842

Strombus lineatus in Sowerby, 1842, pl. VII, fig. 32, 33

1843

Strombus lineatus in Kiener, 1843, Vol. 4, Strombus pl. 30, fig. 1, 1a;

1844

Strombus fasciatus in Duclos, 1844, pl. 11, fig. 7, 8

Strombus fasciatus in Duclos, 1844, pl. 27, fig. 2, 3

1851

Strombus fasciatus in Reeve, 1851, Strombus, pl. 19, fig. 56


Specimens from private collections

Conomurex fasciatus (Born, 1778); Sinai, Egypt, Red Sea; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

  • t: 45,3 mm; Conomurex form
  • m: 49,3 mm; highspired from
  • b: 38,5 mm; knobby form, subadult

Conomurex fasciatus (Born, 1778); Ras Gemsa, 50 km north of Hurghada (27°39´N, 33°36´E), west coast Gulf of Suez, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt; muddy flat merging into a sandy flat, both with stones and old coral blocks; 1988; Coll. Gijs Kronenberg no. 1480

Strombus (Conomurex) fasciatus (Born, 1778); Port Sudan, Egypt; Coll. Gijs Kronenberg no. 1262

Conomurex fasciatus (Born, 1778); 17 km south of Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea; Coll. Albert Ekkelenkamp

  • 42 mm
  • 41 mm

Conomurex fasciatus (Born, 1778); Sharm El Naga, Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea; low tide in 0,1m of water; 5/1988; t: 42,8 mm, b: 37,2 mm; Coll. Paul Merrill

Strombus (Lentigo) fasciatus dehelensis Ostini & Rigoletti, 1983; Aqaba, Eilat, Red Sea; Coral Beach, by diver, 1-3 m; 4/1971; Coll. Koenraad De Turck

Conomurex fasciatus form dehelensis Ostini & Rigoletti, 1983; Coll. Bini

Conomurex fasciatus (Born, 1778); Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea; Coll. Wolfgang Wranik


References

  • Abbott, 1960
  • Ostini, M. & L. Rigoletti, 1983. A new species from Red Sea Strombus (Conomurex) dehelensis. La Conchiglia, nos. 168-169: 21
  • E.H. Romagna-Manoja, 1974. Strombus (Lentigo) fasciatus elegans: a new subspecies; Hawaiian Shell News vol. 10, p. 12, Fulltext

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