- Strombidae Rafinesque, 1815
Original Diagnosis of Strombia by Rafinesque, 1815, p. 145:
- "18. Famille. Canalifera. Les Canaliferes. Coquille Ó bouche canaliculÚe.
- "1. S.F. ...."
- "2. S.F. Strombia, Les Strombiens. Bord de la base ou bouche, dilatÚ en aile laterale. G.: 13. Strombus L. 14. Pterocera Lam. 17. Rostellaria Lam."
The family Strombidae contain several genera:
- Austrombus Nielsen, 2005
- Barneystrombus Blackwood, 2009
- Canarium Schumacher, 1817
- Carinrostrina De Gregorio, 1894
- Conomurex Fischer, 1884
- Dilatilabrum Cossmann, 1904
- Dolomena Wenz, 1940
- Doxander Wenz, 1940
- Euprotomus Gill, 1870
- Europrotomus Kronenberg & Harzhauser, 2012
- Gibberulus Jousseaume, 1888
- Harpago M÷rch, 1852
- Labiostrombus Oostingh, 1925
- Laevistrombus Abbott, 1960
- Lambis R÷ding, 1798
- Lentigo Jousseaume, 1886
- Lobatus [Swainson, 1837]
- Margistrombus Bandel, 2007
- Mirabilistrombus Kronenberg, 1998
- Ophioglossolambis Dekkers, 2012
- Oostrombus Sacco, 1893
- Orthaulax Gabb, 1873
- Persististrombus Kronenberg & Lee, 2007
- Sinustrombus Bandel, 2007
- Strombiconus Marks, 1951
- Stromboconus De Gregorio, 1896
- Strombus Linnaeus, 1758
- Terestrombus Kronenberg & Vermeij, 2002
- Thersistrombus Bandel, 2007
- Tricornis Jousseaume, 1886
- Tridentarius Kronenberg & Vermeij, 2002
History and Synonymy
Strombidae Rafinesque, 1815:145 [as Strombia]
- syn.: Dilatilabridae Bandel, 2007
- syn.: Pteroceridae Haller, 1892:538
- syn.: Strombea Anton, 1839:84
- syn.: Strombusidae Fleming, 1822:491
Strombusidae Fleming, 1822
Fleming, 1822, p. 491:
- "Family 4. Strombusidae. Canal short, and bent towards the right. The outer margin of the aperture becomes palmated with age, and exhibits a second canal, generally near the former, for the passage of the head. The following are the genera: Strombus, Pterocera, and Rostellaria."
Strombea Anton, 1839:84
Pteroceridae Haller, 1892
Haller, 1892, p. 538:
- 2. "Unterabtheilung: N. [Neotaenioglossae] longicommissurata. 1. Fa. Tritonidae. 2. Fam. Dolidae. 3. Fam. Strombidae. 4. Fam. Pteroceridae."
Simone, 2005, p. 262:
- "The remaining strombids, from node 10 to 14, with 2, 5, 3 and 2 synapomorphies respectively, represent the species currently included in the genus Strombus (except Lambis). However, with Lambis in the middle of the Strombus taxa, a division of the genus is necessary, or it is required to consider Lambis as subgenus or synonym of Strombus. An apparently good taxonomical resolution appears if the respective subgenera are transformed in genera."
Bandel, 2007 defines Dilatilabridae
- Original Diagnosis of Dilatilabridae by Bandel, 2007 :
- "Shell shape resembles that of Strombus with thick, flaring outer lip, which has a sinus on its posterior end, a wide siphonal canal, but lacks the characteristic stromboid notch of the Strombidae. The type is Dilatilabrum fortisi Brongniart, 1823 with the shell about 130 mm high from the Eocene of Italy (Cossmann, 1904: pl. 1, fig. 7), and Hungary (Strausz, 1966: pl. 10, figs. 2 & 7)."
- (U. Wieneke:) The family is not accepted here. There are specimen of Dilatilabrum fortisi with a stromboid notch, which is very shallow. Bandel, 2007 himself presents a picture of a specimen with stromboid notch (Bandel, 2007 , fig. 14 c). Other species of Dilatilabrum show a shallow stromboid notch, too. see Dilatilabrum. So there is no character that separates Dilatilabridae from Strombidae.
Jeanette & Scott Johnson about Strombidae from Kwajalein Atoll:
- "We have seen strombid herds in only a few species,and sometimes the term "herd" might not be appropriate. Sinustrombus taurus, for example, is often found in groups spread over up to about 100m of sandy or rubbly reef flat, but the grouping usually consists of discrete pairs or trios separated by some distance from similar pairs or trios."
- "I have noticed trios sometimes instead of pairs in such species as S. taurus, Lambis lambis, L. truncata and Harpago chiragra (and maybe a few others). I cannot say I know how to distinguish sexes in some, but in others where I can make a guess--such as L. lambis where the female has the long upward pointing fingers, and H. chiragra, where the males are usually significantly smaller, it is nearly always a single female with two males."
- R. T. Abbott, 1960
- R. T. Abbott, 1961
- Alcasid, Godofredo L., 1948. A review of Philippine Strombidae. The Philippine journal of science, vol. 77(2), 1947, p. 179-203 (URL)
- Anton, H. E. 1839. Verzeichniss der Conchylien welche sich in der Sammlung von Hermann Eduard Anton befinden. Pp [I-XVI] + 1-110, Fulltext
- Bandel, 2007
- Winston A. Barney, 2010. New generic assignments for Strombidae: A summary of recent changes; American Conchologist, vol. 38 (3), pp. 19-22. URL
- G.H. Chadwick, 1899. An attempt to define the natural groups of Strombs; The Nautilus, vol. 13, 76-78
- G.H. Chadwick, 1899. An attempt to define the natural groups of Strombus; The Nautilus, vol. 13, 93-96
- Fleming, J. 1822. The philosophy of zoology, a general view of the structure, functions and classification of animals; vol. 2, Constable & Co., Edinburgh, 618 pp., Fulltext
- Haller, B. 1892. Die Morphologie der Prosobranchier, gesammelt auf einer Erdumsegelung durch die k÷nigl. italienische Korvette "Vettor Pisani"; Morphologisches Jahrbuch, 18(3), 451-543, pls. 13-19, Fulltext
- K. Kreipl, G. T. Poppe, G. T. Poppe, L. Man in't Veld and K. De Turck (1999)
- G.C. Kronenberg and J. Berkhout, 1984
- Meister, L. 1976. The Genus Strombus: A list of recognized taxa with abbreviated synonymy; Texas conchologist, vol. XII(3), p. 63-73, fulltext
- R. Moscatelli, 1987
- Rafinesque, C.S. 1815. Analyse de la nature ou tableau de l'univers et des corps organisÚs. Palerme, 223 pp., Fulltext
- [Swainson, W.] 1837. Catalogue of the Foreign Shells in the possession of the Manchester Natural History Society, arranged according to the system of Lamarck. 99pp.
- J.G. Walls, 1980
A lot of the genus names were often used as subgenus names. Using them here as genus names follows the approach of
- H. Raven (2002).
- H. Dekker (2002).
- G. C. Kronenberg and A. W. Burger (2002 a)
- G. C. Kronenberg and G. J. Vermeij (2002 b)
- G. C. Kronenberg (2002 c)
- G. C. Kronenberg, 2008
Recent Strombidae live in tropical and subtropical seas, in shallow or very shallow water. They are herbivorous or detritivorous. Some species show sexual dimorphism: the female shells are usually larger than the male ones.