- Strombidae Rafinesque, 1815
The family Strombidae contain several genera:
- Austrombus Nielsen, 2005
- Barneystrombus Blackwood, 2009
- Canarium Schumacher, 1817
- Carinrostrina De Gregorio, 1894
- Conomurex Fischer, 1884
- Dilatilabrum Cossmann, 1904
- Dolomena Wenz, 1940
- Doxander Wenz, 1940
- Euprotomus Gill, 1870
- Europrotomus Kronenberg & Harzhauser, 2012
- Gibberulus Jousseaume, 1888
- Harpago Mörch, 1852
- Labiostrombus Oostingh, 1925
- Laevistrombus Abbott, 1960
- Lambis Röding, 1798
- Lentigo Jousseaume, 1886
- Lobatus Iredale, 1921
- Margistrombus Bandel, 2007
- Mirabilistrombus Kronenberg, 1998
- Ophioglossolambis Dekkers, 2012
- Oostrombus Sacco, 1893
- Orthaulax Gabb, 1873
- Persististrombus Kronenberg & Lee, 2007
- Sinustrombus Bandel, 2007
- Strombiconus Marks, 1951
- Stromboconus De Gregorio, 1896
- Strombus Linne, 1758
- Terestrombus Kronenberg & Vermeij, 2002
- Thersistrombus Bandel, 2007
- Tricornis Jousseaume, 1886
- Tridentarius Kronenberg & Vermeij, 2002
History and Synonymy
Strombusidae Fleming, 1822
Strombea Anton, 1839
Bandel, 2007 defines Dilatilabridae
- Original Diagnosis of Dilatilabridae by Bandel, 2007 :
- "Shell shape resembles that of Strombus with thick, flaring outer lip, which has a sinus on its posterior end, a wide siphonal canal, but lacks the characteristic stromboid notch of the Strombidae. The type is Dilatilabrum fortisi Brongniart, 1823 with the shell about 130 mm high from the Eocene of Italy (Cossmann, 1904: pl. 1, fig. 7), and Hungary (Strausz, 1966: pl. 10, figs. 2 & 7)."
- (U. Wieneke:) The family is not accepted here. There are specimen of Dilatilabrum fortisi with a stromboid notch, which is very shallow. Bandel, 2007 himself presents a picture of a specimen with stromboid notch (Bandel, 2007 , fig. 14 c). Other species of Dilatilabrum show a shallow stromboid notch, too. see Dilatilabrum. So there is no character that separates Dilatilabridae from Strombidae.
Jeanette & Scott Johnson about Strombidae from Kwajalein Atoll:
- "We have seen strombid herds in only a few species,and sometimes the term "herd" might not be appropriate. Sinustrombus taurus, for example, is often found in groups spread over up to about 100m of sandy or rubbly reef flat, but the grouping usually consists of discrete pairs or trios separated by some distance from similar pairs or trios."
- "I have noticed trios sometimes instead of pairs in such species as S. taurus, Lambis lambis, L. truncata and Harpago chiragra (and maybe a few others). I cannot say I know how to distinguish sexes in some, but in others where I can make a guess--such as L. lambis where the female has the long upward pointing fingers, and H. chiragra, where the males are usually significantly smaller, it is nearly always a single female with two males."
- R. T. Abbott, 1960
- R. T. Abbott, 1961
- Alcasid, Godofredo L., 1948. A review of Philippine Strombidae. The Philippine journal of science, vol. 77(2), 1947, p. 179-203 (URL)
- Anton, H. E. 1839. Verzeichniss der Conchylien welche sich in der Sammlung von Hermann Eduard Anton befinden. Pp [I-XVI] + 1-110.
- Bandel, 2007
- K. Kreipl, G. T. Poppe, G. T. Poppe, L. Man in't Veld and K. De Turck (1999)
- G.C. Kronenberg and J. Berkhout, 1984
- R. Moscatelli, 1987
- J.G. Walls, 1980
- Winston A. Barney, 2010. New generic assignments for Strombidae: A summary of recent changes; American Conchologist, vol. 38 (3), pp. 19-22. URL
A lot of the genus names were often used as subgenus names. Using them here as genus names follows the approach of
- H. Raven (2002).
- H. Dekker (2002).
- G. C. Kronenberg and A. W. Burger (2002 a)
- G. C. Kronenberg and G. J. Vermeij (2002 b)
- G. C. Kronenberg (2002 c)
- G. C. Kronenberg, 2008
Recent Strombidae live in tropical and subtropical seas, in shallow or very shallow water. They are herbivorous or detritivorous. Some species show sexual dimorphism: the female shells are usually larger than the male ones.