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Species / Strombus

Strombus

Stromboidea


Type Species: Strombus pugilis Linnaeus, 1758:744 (by subsequent designation, Montfort, 1810:515)

Strombus has the following species:

Proposed hybrids

Comments

  • Strombus is often used in a broad sense.
  • Recent revisions split Strombus s.l. into several genera:
  • Some of the Strombus defined by Petuch are in discussion.
  • Strombus magolecciai Macsotay & Campos, 2001 is a junior subjective synonym of Lobatus raninus, see Kronenberg & Lee, 2007
  • Comment by Gijs Kronenberg:
    • "In my opinion, shared by Bernie Landau and others, Strombus (in the restricted sense of Abbott) is a relatively young development, restricted to the Caribbean and Panamic Fauna province."

Biology

Alyakrinskaya, 2005 p.406:

  • "In mollusks of the genus Strombus, the operculum is a defense from enemies in the strict sense. It is hard, long, narrow and has sharp serrated edge. The mollusk can use it as a knife against predators such as certain fish, crabs, mollusks (e.g., Fasciolaria fulica), and other invertebrates. The injuries caused by this sharp and hard operculum can be deep and painful even for humans, particularly, in case of large mollusks."
  • "In contrast to many other mollusks, the operculum of Strombus cannot be used to isolate the soft tissues from the environment, since it is not long and wide enough to close the aperture. (...) Instead, it has an equally important function of support and is used by Strombus to jump on the substrate—forward and even backward."

Etymology:

  • strombos (greek): a body rounded or spun round: hence 1. top, 2. (= strophalinx), whirlwind, 3. trumpet-shell, sea-snail, of a shell used as a trumpet, conch, 4. snail, 5. (= strobilos), 6. spindle. (cited after Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. A Greek-English Lexicon. revised and augmented throughout by. Sir Henry Stuart Jones. with the assistance of. Roderick McKenzie. Oxford. Clarendon Press. 1940, see Link)
  • was used by Aristotle in a broad sense.

References

  • Alyakrinskaya, 2005
  • Knorr, P. O. (2006). The case for high-order, pleistocene sea-level fluctuations in Southwest Florida (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida).
  • E.S. Stafford, G.P. Dietl, M.P. Gingras & L.R. Leighton, 2015. Caedichnus, a New Ichnogenus Representing Predatory Attack on the Gastropod Shell Aperture, Ichnos Vol. 22(2), pp. 87-102

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