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Species / Strombus Gracilior

Strombus Gracilior

Stromboidea


Original Description of Strombus gracilior by Sowerby, 1825:

  • "S. testa ovato-oblonga, apice acuminato-pyramidali, ad basim transverse striata, pallide aurantiaca; anfractibus superne nodulosis; labio interno tenui, expanso, externo dilatato, intus transvers leviter sulcato: long. 2 1/10 unc. lat. 1 4/10 unc."

Locus typicus: Sowerby gives no Location

Stratum typicum: recent


History and Synonymy

Strombus gracilior Sowerby1st, 1825: appendix, 20

  • Syn.: Strombus sulcatus Anton, 1839: 85 [non Holten, 1802]

1843

Strombus gracilior in Kiener, 1843, pl. ?, fig. 1

1844

Strombus pugilis var. gracilior in Duclos, 1844, pl. 17, fig. 6, 7

1851

Strombus gracilior in Reeve, 1851, Strombus, pl. 16, fig. 38

1993

Jiménez-Arce G. 1993:

  • "Abstract: 74 individuals of "cambute" (Strombus gracilior), were collected in Playa Panamá (10 degrees 35' 45"N, 85 degrees 40' 09" W), Costa Rica. The sex ratio was 1:1 and the size range 70-80mm (total length)."

2003

Aldana Aranda, et al., 2003: Abstract: The reproductive cycles of seven gastropods were analyzed to determine the variability and similarities in their cycles under diverse environmental conditions: (1) Hexaplex erythrostomus(Swainson, 1831), a carnivore; and (2) Strombus gracilior Soweby, 1825, an herbivore, both from Conception Bay, Baja California; (3) Strombus pugilis Linnaeus, 1758, an herbivore; (4) Melongena corona (Gmelin, 1791); and (5) Fasciolaria tulipa (Linnaeus, 1758), all carnivores from the littoral zone of Campeche Bank; (6) Melongena corona bispinosa (Philippi, 1844), a carnivore from the littoral zone of the Yucatán Peninsula; and (7) Strombus gigas Linnaeus, 1758 an herbivore from two different coral reefs, Banco Chinchorro in the Caribbean Sea and Alacranes reef in the Gulf of Mexico. Species inhabiting the same locality differed in their periods of maximum spawning activity. This study identified two gametogenic strategies as a response to the environment: (1) fast gametogenesis during a short period of time (F. tulipa and S. gigas from Chinchorro), and (2) continuous gametogenesis throughout most of the year (S. gigas from Alacranes, H. erythrostomus, S. gracilior, M. corona, and M. corona bispinosa). Variation in the reproductive cycle of a species among different localities can be related to levels of environmental instability. Predation and competition induce massive spawning and reduction of the spawning period.


Specimens from private collections

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; Cholla Bay, Baja California, (Sea of Cortez), Sonora State, northwestern Mexico; reef area, shallow water, taken on top of sand bar at rising low tide by local collector; 84 mm; 2/1976; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; Coll. Paul Kanner
Top row:

  • all at low tide at Gonzaga Bay, Gulf of California, (Sea of Cortez), Baja California State, Mexico

Bottom row:

  • l: Bahia Concepcion Bay, Gulf of California, (Sea of Cortez), Baja California Sur State, Mexico
  • m: Cebaco Island, Gulf of Montijo, Veraguas Province, west Panama
  • r: Bahia Concepcion Bay, Gulf of California, (Sea of Cortez), Baja California Sur State, Mexico

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; Coll. Paul Kanner
Top row:

  • all at low tide at Gonzaga Bay, Gulf of California, (Sea of Cortez), Baja California State, Mexico

Bottom row:

  • l: Bahia Concepcion Bay, Gulf of California, (Sea of Cortez), Baja California Sur State, Mexico
  • m: Cebaco Island, Gulf of Montijo, Veraguas Province, west Panama
  • r: Bahia Concepcion Bay, Gulf of California, (Sea of Cortez), Baja California Sur State, Mexico

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; Bahia Concepcion Bay, Gulf of California, (Sea of Cortez), Baja California Sur State, Mexico; a few m deep on sand / mud; 1993; Coll. Koenraad De Turck

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; Gulf of California, (Sea of Cortez), Baja California Sur State, Mexico; 62 mm; 1987; Coll. Koenraad De Turck

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; off Bahia de Acapulco, Mexico; collected alive in eel grass, shallow water; 70 mm; 1972; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; Mexico; 100 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; Gobernadora Island, Gulf of Montijo, Veraguas Province, west Panama; 78 mm; 2/1992; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; Cebaco Island, Gulf of Montijo, Veraguas Province, west Panama; Coll. Koenraad De Turck

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; West Panama; 67 mm; Coll. Aart Dekkers no. STR1466

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; West Panama; dredged at 40 to 60 ft; 1986; Coll. Koenraad De Turck

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; Farallon Island, West Panama; dredged at 40 to 60 ft; 1986; Coll. Koenraad De Turck

Strombus gracilior Sowerby, 1825; Guaymas, Gulf of California, (Sea of Cortez), Sonora State, Mexico; 87,7 mm; Coll. Dekkers no. STR2166


References:

  • Aranda, Dalila Aldana, Cárdenas, Erick Baqueiro, Morales, Imelda Martínez, Zárate, Adriana Zetina, Brulé, Thierry, 2003. A Review of the Reproductive Patterns of Gastropod Mollusks from Mexico; Bulletin of Marine Science, 73(3), p.629-641.
  • Rafael Flores-Garza, Sergio García-Ibáñez, Pedro Flores-Rodríguez, Carmina Torreblanca-Ramírez, Lizeth Galeana-Rebolledo, Arcadio Valdés-González, Arquímedes Suástegui-Zárate, Juan Violante-González, 2012. Commercially Important Marine Mollusks for Human Consumption in Acapulco, México; Natural Resources, 2012, 3, 11-17.
  • Jiménez-Arce G. 1993. [Chemical and nutritional composition in the marine snail Strombus gracilior (Mesogastropoda: Strombidae) of various sizes and sexes in Playa Panamá, Costa Rica], [Article in Spanish]; Rev Biol Trop. 41(3A):345-349.
  • Luz Ángela López de Mesa & Jaime R. Cantera, 2015. Marine mollusks of Bahía Málaga, Colombia (Tropical Eastern Pacific); Check List 11(1): 1497, 1-18.
  • G. B. Sowerby, 1825: A catalogue of the shells contained in the collection of the late Earl of Tankerville, arranged according to the lamarckian conchological system, together with an appendix, containing descriptions of many new species, London

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