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Species / Laevistrombus Canarium

Laevistrombus Canarium

Stromboidea


Original Description of Strombus canariu by Linnaeus, 1758, p. 745:

  • S. testae labro rotundato brevi retuso, spiraque laevi."

Locus typicus: "Habitat in O. Asiae."

Linnaeus cited

  • Petiv. gaz. t. 98, f. 11.
  • Rumph. mus. t. 36. f. X. N.
  • Gualt. test. t. 32. f. N.
  • Argenv. conch. t. 17. f. Q.
  • Klein. ostr. t. 4. f. 73.

Biology:

  • Sexual dimorphism: Females are larger than males and have a thicker lip. Sexual dimorphism occurs at a relative early stage of the shell growth. (see Cob et al. 2008)

History and Synonymy

Laevistrombus canarium canarium (Linnaeus, 1758: 745) (Strombus)

  • Syn.: Gallinula gibba Schröter, 1788: 39
  • Syn.: Strombus gibbus Mart. Issel & Tapparone Canefri, 1875: 344 [in synonymy of Strombus canarium]
  • Syn.: Strombus taeniatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1834:75, pl. 51, figs 14, 15
  • Syn.: Strombus vaniocorensis Quoy. Tryon, 1885: 110 [in synonymy of S. canarium; err. pro vanikorensis]
  • Syn.: Strombus vanikorensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1834: 73, pl. 51 figs 7-9

Laevistrombus canarium guidoi (Man in ’t Veld & De Turck, 1998: 86 [in Dutch], 103 [in English]; 73 fig. on right; figs 6, 7; pl. 3 figs 1-6) (Strombus (Laevistrombus))

1742

in Argenville, 1742, pl. 17, fig. Q

Argenville, 1742, p. 293:

  • "La dernière figure de la lettre Q, est un Rocher très enflé dans son milieu, de couleur blanche, raiée de brun, sa lévre épaisse & étendue, forme une espéce d'aîle dont la couleur aproche de celle du plomb."

1766

Epidromis gibbosa in Rumphius, 1766, pl. XXXVI, fig. N

1834

Original Description of Strombus vanikorensis by Quoy & Gaimard, 1834, p. 73:

  • "Strombus, testa obovata, laevi, alba, lineis castaneis confertissimis longitudinalibus maxime flexuosis picta; spira conico-elongata, mucronata; apertura alba; labro crasso dilatato."
  • Locus typicus: Vanikoro

Original Description of Strombus taeniatus by Quoy & Gaimard, 1834:

  • "Strombus, testa obovata, laeve, basi striata, tribus vittis violaceo-fuscis cincta; spira brevi, mucronata; labro crasso, dilatato, antice marginato."
  • Locus typicus: Amboina

1842

Strombus canarium in Gray, 1842, pl. 2, fig. 3

  • female

Strombus canarium var. in Gray, 1842, pl. 2, fig. 4

1843

Strombe Poule (Strombus canarium Lin.) by Kiener, 1843, pl. 29, fig. 1,1a

1844

Strombus canarium in Duclos, 1844, pl. 7, fig. 1, 2, 3, 9, 10

Strombus canarium var. vanikorensis in Duclos, 1844, pl. 7, fig. 4, 5

Strombus canarium var. taeniatus in Duclos, 1844, pl. 7, fig. 6

1851

Strombus canarium in Reeve, 1851, Strombus, pl. 18, fig. 46 a, b


Specimens from private collections

Laevistrombus canarium (Linnaeus, 1758); Ko Samui Island, Gulf of Thailand (formerly Gulf of Siam), Surat Thani Province, Thailand; t: 34 mm, m: 33 mm, b: 32 mm; Coll. Christian Börnke

Laevistrombus canarium (Linnaeus, 1758); India; t: 67,1 mm, b: 40 mm; Coll. Paul Merrill

Laevistrombus canarium (Linnaeus, 1758); Protoconch; Philippines, Camotes Islands, Pilar Island, Southern tip of the Island; In clear white sand; Coll. Klaus Bandel

Laevistrombus canarium (Linnaeus, 1758); Turtle Island, Philippines; in sandy mud at 10-60 ft.; Coll. Gijs Kronenberg no. 2828

Laevistrombus canarium guidoi (Man in't Veld & De Turck, 1998); Vanuatu Archipelago (formerly New Hebrides), South Pacific Ocean; coll. Gijs Kronenberg no. 5983

Laevistrombus canarium guidoi (Man in't Veld & De Turck, 1998); Efate Island, Vanuatu Archipelago (formerly New Hebrides), South Pacific Ocean; bought on native market; 8/1999; Coll. Gijs Kronenberg no. 5984

Laevistrombus canarium cf. guidoi (Man in't Veld & De Turck, 1998); Indonesia; Coll. Ricardo Vilar

Laevistrombus canarium (Linnaeus, 1758); Dingo Beach, Queensland State, north east Australia; sand spit at rising tide; Coll. Gijs Kronenberg no. 5930


Living specimens

Laevistrombus turturella; Singapore; photo James Koh


References:

  • Cob, Z.C., Arshad, A., Bujang, J.S., Ghaffar, M.A., 2008; Sexual maturity and sex determination in Strombus canarium Linnaeus, 1758 (Gastropoda: Strombidae) Journal of Biological Sciences, 8 (3) pp. 616-621.

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