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Species / Lambis Crocata

Lambis Crocata

Stromboidea


Original Description of Pteroceras crocatus by Link, 1807, p. 109, 110:

  • "Safranfarbige Z. [Zackenschnecke] Strombus Lambis [gamma] Linn. Gm. l.c. Chemn. Conch. 10. t. 158. f. 1508. 1509"

Locus typicus: "Link's species is based upon figures 1508 and 1509 of the Conchylien-Cabinet, vol. 10. That specimen is said to come from East Indies. We hereby restrict the type locality to Amboina, Indonesia." (Abbott, 1961, p. 158)

Der Skorpion ohne Knoten ... Martini & Chemnitz, 1787, pl. 158, fig. 1508, 1509


History and Synonymy

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807: 109-110) (Pteroceras)

  • Syn.: Strombus aculeatus Perry, 1811: pl. 13, fig. 2 [nomen dubium]
  • Syn.: Pterocera aurantia Lamarck, 1822: 198
  • Syn.: Strombus lambis Wood, 1825: 116, pl. 24 fig. 7 [non Strombus lambis Linnaeus]
  • Syn.: Pteroceras aurantiacum Sowerby 1st, 1825: 67 [substitute name for aurantia Lamarck]
  • ?Syn.: Pterocera (Heptadactylus) Yoldii Mörch, 1852:60 [nomen oblitum]

1811

Strombus aculeatus Perry, 1811, pl. 13, fig. 2

1822

Pterocera aurantia Lamarck, 1822: 198

1842

Pteroceras aurantia in Sowerby, 1842, pl. 11, fig. 11

1843

Pterocera aurantia in Kiener, 1843, pl. ?

1847

Pterocera aurantia in Berge, 1847, pl. 37, fig. 10

1851

Pterocera aurantia in Reeve, 1851, Pterocera, pl. 5, fig. 7

1852

Original Description of Pterocera (Heptadactylus) Yoldii by Mörch, 1852, p. 60:

  • "Differt a praecedente [Pterocera crocata] labro digitis 7 leviter recurvatis, nec angulatis, tribus anticis approximatis."

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Reports

Jeanette & Scott Johnson on Lambis crocata from Kwajalein Atoll:

  • "Lambis crocata is the rarest of the finger shells found in the Marshalls. We have seen most specimens on lagoon pinnacles, sometimes with Lambis scorpius, with which they occasionally hybridize. They seem least rare on a few northern Kwajalein Atoll large lagoon pinnacles, although very rarely a specimen can be found on the seaward slope. The aperture is bright orange. The exterior of the shell is orange as well, but that is often completely hidden beneath calcareous deposits in older specimens."

"The brown proboscis and mouth is between the two eye stalks."

"We had never seen Lambis crocata in the Halimeda patches we frequent along the east reef of Kwajalein Atoll, but recently over a span of a couple of weeks, we saw three very small but fully adult individuals sitting out on top of the algae. One of these is shown in the four photos above. We continue to be amazed how things change over time as species come and go."

All Photos of Kwajalein Atoll-specimens courtesy Scott & Jeanette Johnson, Kwajalein Atoll


Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Toliara (formerly Tuléar), Atsimo-Andrefana Region, southern Madagascar; trawled by local shrimpers at 20 m depth on sandy bottom; 129 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Mbudya Island, Tanzania, East Africa; coral reef, 2-6 m; 10/2002; 148 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Tanzania, East Africa; 145 mm; Coll. Paul Merrill

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Mauritius Island, Indian Ocean; 7/1990; 131 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Cebu Island, Central Visayas Region, Philippines; 107 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Cebu Island, Central Visayas Region, Philippines; 119 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Cebu Island, Central Visayas Region, Philippines; 117 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Philippines Islands; 135 mm; Coll. Chong Chen

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Ryukyu Islands?, Japan; 132 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Agat Bay, Guam Island, Mariana Islands, Micronesia, USA, North Pacific Ocean; 90-100 ft in rubble; 140 mm; 1985; Coll. Paul Merrill

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Agat Bay, Guam Island, Mariana Islands, Micronesia, USA, North Pacific Ocean; 90-100 ft in rubble; 123 mm; 1985; Coll. Paul Merrill

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Rizal Beach, Agat Bay, Guam Island, Mariana Islands, Micronesia, USA, North Pacific Ocean; 6/1974, on reef, 90 feet (27 m), in sand; t:120 mm, b:102 mm; Coll. Richard Salisbury

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Nha Trang, Khánh Hòa Province, Vietnam; 129 mm; Coll. Dieu Cu

Lambis crocata crocata (Link, 1807); Nha Trang, Khánh Hòa Province, Vietnam; 202 mm; 3/2007; Coll. Gijs Kronenberg no. 6352A

  • Comment Gijs Kronenberg:
    • "I have reached the preliminary conclusion that the specimen in question is not L. c. pilsbryi, but only a large L. c. crocata (Link, 1807)."

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); Cebu Island, Central Visayas Region, Philippines; albino, by local fisherman; 1/2004; Coll. Koenraad De Turck

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); colour variation; Philippines Islands; Coll. Guido Poppe

  • left column: Leyte Island, Eastern Visayas Region; taken at about 20-25 meters deep water; collected by local fishermen; 126,2 mm; 2008; no. 438803
  • middle column: Palawan Island, Palawan Province, Mimaropa region; found at 10-15 meters deep water; collected by local fishermen; 122 mm; 2009; no. 538489
  • right column: Bohol Island, Bohol Province, Central Visayas Region; from local fisherman; 130,4 mm; 1/1989; Ex-coll. D. & M. Meyer, no. 334112

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); colour variation; Philippines Islands; Coll. Guido Poppe

  • left column: Siquijor Island, Siquijor Province, Central Visayas Region; 10-25 m, collected by local fishermen; 132,6 mm; 2010; no. 604600
  • middle column: Siquijor Island, Siquijor Province, Central Visayas Region; taken at 45-60 m, collected by fishermen; 130,2 mm; 2008; no. 469949
  • right column: Siquijor Island, Siquijor Province, Central Visayas Region; 12 m; 113,3 mm; 2004; no. 194970

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); freak form?; Papua New Guinea; coral reef edge, on sand and rubble substrate, by local fisherman; 8&1980; 137 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

  • Comment Ulrich Wieneke:
    • "One digitation is missing."

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); freak forms; Coll. Don Pisor

  • l: Philippines Islands; 128 mm
  • r: Zanzibar Archipelago, Tanzania, East Africa, Indian Ocean; 121 mm

Lambis crocata (Link, 1807); freak forms; Philippines Islands; Coll. Guido Poppe

  • 1.row, left: Siquijor Island, Siquijor Province, Central Visayas Region; from local fishermen; 127,5 mm; 2006; no. 387663
  • 1.row, right: Bohol Island, Bohol Province, Central Visayas Region; 10-25 m; 116,4 mm; 2011; no. 632938
  • 2. row: Olango Island, Cebu Province, Central Visayas Region; found at about 10-25 meters deep water; collected by local fishermen; 124,6 mm; 2008; no. 483838
  • 3.row, left: Paritoba Island, Palawan Island, Palawan Province, Mimaropa region; from local fishermen; 93,1 mm; 2007; no. 379663
  • 3.row, right: Laminusa Island, Sulu Archipelago, Sulu Province, A.R.M.M. Region; from fishermen, at 50 fathoms; 2006; no. 301973

References

  • Abbott, 1961
  • Link, H.F., 1807. Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock. Adlers Erben, Rostock 160pp

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