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Species / Canarium Labiatum

Canarium Labiatum

Stromboidea


Original Description of Lambis labiata by Röding, 1798, p. 63:

  • "L Labiata. Die Dicklippe. Gmel. stromb urceus sp. 29 Martini 3 t. 78 f. 804 805. 8 St."

Locus typicus: (Roeding, 1798 gave no locality.) Amboina, Indonesia (designated by Abbott, 1960)


History and Synonymy

Canarium labiatum (Röding, 1798: 63) (Lambis)

  • Syn.: Strombus dentatus Linnaeus. Reeve, 1850: pl. 19 fig. 17 [non Strombus dentatus Linnaeus]
  • Syn.: Canarium otiolum Iredale, 1931: 212, pl. 23 fig. 6
  • Syn.: Strombus plicatus Lamarck, 1816: 3, pl. 408 figs 2a, b [non Lambis plicata Röding]
  • ? Syn.: Lambis reticulata Link, 1807: 108

1705

Canarium Rumphius, 1705, pl. XXXVII, fig. T

1766

Canarium var 4 in Rumphius, 1766, pl. XXXVII, fig. T

1777

Kanarienschnecke Martini, 1777, pl. 78, fig. 804, 805

  • Comment: cited by Roeding, 1798 as Lambis labiata

1807

Original Description of Lambis retuculata by Link, 1807, p. 108:

  • "L. reticulata. Feinmarmorierte Fl. [Flügelschnecke] Mart. Conch. 3. t. 77. f. 806. Verblichen."

1844

Strombus dentatus in Duclos, 1844, pl. 5, fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

1850

Strombus dentatus Linnaeus. Reeve, 1850: pl. 19 fig. 17

1931

Iredale, 1931, p. 212:

  • "Canarium otiolum (Pl. xxiii, fig. 6) is small, spire exsert, varicose, outer lip a little expanded, sinuate. Colour of dead shell cream, variously banded with pale brown. Six adult whorls succeed a smooth, bulbous, mucronately tipped protoconch; the adult whorls are regularly four-varicose, the last whorl showing none but the outer lip thickened and a little varicose. Internally this is finely ridged, the inner lip smooth. Fourteen longitudinals appear on the shoulder of the last whorl but soon become obsolete on the body; a small sutural roll succeeds, the sutures followed by concentric ridges which are undefined on the face of the body whorl but become more pronounced towards the base. On the penultimate whorl two or three longitudinals appear irregularly between each varix, the concentric lirae less pronounced and becoming still less as we approach the apex. Length 22 mm., breadth 10 mm."
  • "Type from Sydney Harbour, N.S.W."
  • "This species belongs to the "floridus" (= flammeum) series but has a more developed spire, more definitely varicose, and is smaller in size."

1995

Cook, 1995, p. 1:

  • "After checking the Bishop Museum collection, I found that they have no Strombus labiatus from Hawaii."

Specimens from private collections

Canarium labiatum (Röding, 1798); Nou & Ouen Islands, Noumea, South Province, New Caledonia, Melanesia; dived in 2001 at 3-6 m on mud coral by night, t: 32,3 mm: b: 27,9 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Canarium labiatum (Röding, 1798); Port Douglas, north Queensland State, north east Australia; under rocks at low tide; 42,3 mm; Coll. Frank Nolf no. 01910

Canarium labiatum (Röding, 1798); Port Douglas, north Queensland State, north east Australia; under rocks at low tide; 35,6 mm; Coll. Frank Nolf no. 01910

Canarium labiatum (Röding, 1798); Port Douglas, north Queensland State, north east Australia; under rocks at low tide; 33,7 mm; Coll. Frank Nolf no. 01910

Canarium labiatum (Röding, 1798); Lamka, Rawai Beach, Phuket, Thailand; 29,3 mm; 1963; Coll. Frank Nolf no. 07563a

  • Comment: At the same locality the Thailand form of Canarium olydium is found. The purple spire is typical for that form. As conclusion, it might be that this is a transition form between the two species, maybe a hybrid.

Canarium labiatum (Röding, 1798); Philippines Islands; Coll. Guido Poppe

  • lc: Cordova, Mactan Island, Cebu Province, Central Visayas Region; 1 m; 3/2007, 37.2 mm; no. 379686
  • mc: Andol Point, Mactan Island, Cebu Province, Central Visayas Region; dived 10-25 m; 1/2011; 34.7 mm; no. 626285
  • rc: Coral Point, Punta Engaño, Mactan Island, Cebu Province, Central Visayas Region; collected 1 m; from local fishermen; 2008; 26.3 mm; no. 428986

Canarium labiatum (Röding, 1798); yellow; Philippines Islands; Coll. Guido Poppe

  • lc: Punta Engaño, Mactan Island, Cebu Province, Central Visayas Region; 10-25 m; collected by fishermen; 2007; 35.7 mm; no. 401807
  • mc: Masbate Island, Masbate Province, Bicol Region; collected from local fishermen; 2006; 32.3 mm; no. 360206
  • rc: Olango Island, Cebu Province, Central Visayas Region; 10-25 m; 2013; 34.9 mm; no. 763813

Canarium labiatum (Röding, 1798); brown; Philippines Islands; Coll. Guido Poppe

  • lc: Coral Point, Punta Engaño, Mactan Island, Cebu Province, Central Visayas Region; 1 m; 2008; 29.2 mm; no. 429048
  • mc: Masbate Island, Masbate Province, Bicol Region; taken at 15-20 m; 2008; 34.5 mm; no. 444488
  • rc: in front of Ziczac Point, Olango Island, Cebu Province, Central Visayas Region; Dived 10-20 m; 2010; 38.7 mm; no. 771775

Canarium labiatum (Röding, 1798); black; Philippines Islands; Coll. Guido Poppe

  • lc: Liloan, Cebu Island, Central Visayas Region; collected at about 30-35 m; 2009; 30.9 mm; no. 515569
  • mc: Masbate Island, Masbate Province, Bicol Region; taken at 15-20 m; collected by local fishermen; 2008; 34.4 mm; no. 444201
  • rc: Olango Island, Cebu Province, Central Visayas Region; 10-25 m; 2013; 37.3 mm; no. 762058

Specimens from institutional collections

Strombus plicatus Lamarck, 1816; Coll. Naturalis, Leiden


Genes:


References

  • B. Cook, 1995. Proposed Name Change for Hawaiian Strombus Records, Hawaiian Shell News vol. XLIII (6), p. 1,5-6, Fulltext
  • Iredale, T. (1931). Australian molluscan notes, No. 1. Records of the Australian Museum. 18 (4): 201-235, pl. 22-25, Fulltext
  • Röding, 1798

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