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Species / Gibberulus Gibberulus

Gibberulus Gibberulus

Stromboidea



History and Synonymy

Gibberulus gibberulus albus (Mörch, 1850: 11) (Strombus albus)

  • Syn.: Strombus gibberulus var. rhodostomus “Mörch”. Von Martens, 1869:64

Gibberulus gibberulus gibberulus (Linnaeus, 1758: 744) (Strombus)

  • Syn.: Strombus labiatus Perry, 1811: pl. 12 fig. 3 [non Röding]
  • Syn.: Strombus gibberulus var. rubra Caramagna, 1888:115
  • Syn.: Strombus gibberulus var. lutea Caramagna, 1888:115

1777

Die bucklichte Kanarienschnecke Martini, 1777, pl. 77, fig. 792, 793

Die bucklichte Kanarienschnecke Martini, 1777, pl. 77, fig. 795, 796

Die bucklichte Kanarienschnecke Martini, 1777, pl. 77, fig. 797, 798

  • Cited by Mörch, 1850, p. 11 as Strombus albus

1798

Description of Lambis Gibberula by Röding, 1798, p. 62:

  • "L. Gibberula. Die puckligte Flügel Schn. Gmel. Strombus gibberulus. sp. 17. Martini 3. t. 27. f. 795. 796. Knorr 2. t. 14. f. 3. & 3. t. 13. f. 4."

1811

Strombus labiatus Perry, 1811, pl. 12, fig. 3

1843

Strombus gibberulus in Kiener, 1843, pl. ?, fig. 2, 2a

Strombus gibberulus in Kiener, 1843, pl. ?, fig. 5

1844

Strombus gibberulus in Duclos, 1844, pl. 14, fig. 1

Strombus gibberulus in Duclos, 1844, pl. 15, fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

1850

Original description of Strombus albus by Mörch, 1850, p. 11:

  • "S. albus, Mart. 3 f. 797, 98."

Strombus gibberulus in Reeve, 1850, Strombus, pl. 8, fig. 15 a, b

1888

Caramagna, 1888 defined

  • Strombus gibberulus var. rubra
  • Strombus gibberulus var. lutea

Original Description of Strombus gibberulus variat. rubra et lutea by Caramagna, 1888, p. 115:

  • S. gibberulus variat. rubra et lutea. Lin. Assab. Due bellissimi esemplari piccoli di 1 centrimetro in lunghezze, l'uno roseo, e l'altro giallo."

Gibberulus gibberulus (Linnaeus, 1758); Protoconch; Gulf of Aqaba, Jordan; Coll. Klaus Bandel

Fully grown larva of Gibberulus gibberulus (Linnaeus, 1758); Protoconch; Gulf of Aqaba, Jordan; Coll. Klaus Bandel

The larval shell of Gibberulus gibberulus consists 4.5 whorls with shell width of almost 1 mm and a height of 1.1 mm. The embryonic shell is 0.16 mm wide and is ornamented with complex rows of fused granules. The first larval whorl is densely covered by granules. The transition to the second larval whorl is characterized by the onset of faint spiral lines and decrease of granular ornamentation. Spiral lines become the dominant sculpture of the two youngest larval whorls. The aperture is almost oval in outline with a distinct siphonal notch. The operculum seals the aperture tightly, and has a thorn-like anterior spine that fits in the siphonal notch. The nucleus of the operculum lies close to the anterior (basal) part of the columella and shows remains of spiral growth, whereas later growth increments are concentric. The larva swims with a six-lobed velum. Each velar lobe is almost twice as long as the conch. The larval conchs have a spherical, smooth appearance, and a more-or-less transparent shell. The larva carries the shell in such a way that the head with tentacles and eyes point in swimming direction and long narrow foot with operculum is held in behind. In the mantle cavity a large ciliated organ is seen representing the gill or osphradium. (Text by Klaus Bandel)

Drawing of Gibberulus gibberulus larva by Klaus Bandel


Specimens from private collections

Gibberulus gibberulus (Linnaeus, 1758); Toliara (formerly Tuléar), Atsimo-Andrefana Region, southern Madagascar; l: 53,7 mm, m: 51,0 mm, r: 53,3 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe nos. 642878, 642881, 642883

Gibberulus gibberulus (Linnaeus, 1758); Toliara (formerly Tuléar), Atsimo-Andrefana Region, southern Madagascar; on mud flats at low Tide; 2006; l: 55,5 mm, m: 62,2 mm, r: 54,7 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe nos. 641389, 641388, 641390

Gibberulus gibberulus (Linnaeus, 1758); Mirbat, Dhofar Governorate, southwestern Oman; on sand in 3 m at night dive; 11/2014; Collected by and coll. Christian Börnke

Gibberulus albus (Mörch, 1850); Dhow Anchorage, 18 km south of Safaga, Egypt, Red Sea; Coll. Albert Ekkelenkamp

Gibberulus albus (Mörch, 1850); Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea; dived, 5 m, in sand; circa 2000; l: 45,6 mm, m: 51,6 mm, r: 47,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe

Gibberulus albus (Mörch, 1850); Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea; Coll. Wolfgang Wranik


References

  • Caramagna, 1888
  • Martens, K.E. von, 1869. Mollusken. In: O. Kersten ed. Baron Carl Claus von der Decken's Reisen in Ost-Afrika in den Jahren 1859-1865. Vol. 3 Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse, Part 1. Säugethiere, Vögel, Amphibien, Crustaceen, Mollusken und Echinodermen: 53-66
  • Mörch, O.A.L., 1850. Catalogus conchyliorum quae reliquit C.P. Kierulf MD. DR.: nunc publica auctione X decembris MDCCCL Hafniae dividenda. Pp. [3] + 1-33 + [1] + 1 pl, Fulltext

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