Search:
Recent Changes - Keyword Listing

edit SideBar

Species / Lambis Scorpius

Lambis Scorpius

Stromboidea


Original Description of Strombus scorpius by Linnaeus, 1758, p. 743 (cited after Dodge, 1956):

  • "S. testae labro heptadactylo, digitis nodosis: postico longissimo ... Faux violacea, striata."

Comment

  • The last three words are from Linnaeus, 1767 (12th edtion).

Locus typicus: "in O. Asiatico" (Linnaeus 1758, 1767); "We restrict the type locality to Mactan Island, Cebu City, Cebu Island, Philippines." (Abbott, 1961, p. 165)

Types: "Linnaeus' type is in the Linnaean collection in the Linnean Society of London, according to Dodge, 1956, p. 249." (Abbott, 1961, p. 165), see Linnean Collection, Strombus scorpius

Linnaeus, 1758, p. 743 cited

  • Rumph. mus. t. 36. f. K.
  • Gualt. test. t. 36. f. C.
  • Argenv. conch. t. 17. f. B.

History and synonymy

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758: 743) (Strombus)

  • Syn.: Lambis chiragra Röding, 1798: 67 [non Strombus chiragra Linnaeus, 1758]
  • Syn.: Pterocera nodosa Lamarck 1816: 4, pl. 410 fig. 2
  • Syn.: Strombus scorpio L. Murray, 1771: 39 (caption of pl. 1), pl. 1 fig. 29
  • Syn.: Harpagus scorpius Vernus, 1892: 651, fig. 3-5

1742

in Argenville, 1742, pl. 17, fig. B

1766

Cornuta nodosa in Rumphius, 1766, pl. XXXVI, fig. K

1816

Pterocera nodosa Lamarck 1816, pl. 410 fig. 2

1842

Pteroceras scorpio in Sowerby, 1842, pl. 11, fig. 1

1843

Pterocera scorpio in Kiener, 1843, pl. ?

1851

Pterocera scorpius in Reeve, 1851, Pterocera, pl. 3, fig. 3

1961

Original description of Lambis scorpius subspecies indomaris by Abbott, 1961:

  • "The differences exibited in the shells of this Indian Ocean race are slight, but constant, and warrant, we believe, subspecific recognition. In scorpius indomaris, the lobe on the left side of the first digitation is either very much reduced or bent back around the apex of the shell. Digitations 4,5 and 6 are considerably more stunted, their basal portion being not as long as the curved, distal portions. The dorsal sides of the terminal halves of the digitations and the siphonal canal are usually, although not always, more darkly pigmented with purple-brown. There appears to be no or little difference in the apertural sculpture or coloring. Operculum with about 10 serrations and the radula indistinguishable from that of scorpius scorpius. This subspecies was named sinuatus Perry, 1811 (non Solander, 1786) which is a homonym. I propose the new name, indomaris."
  • see Lambis indomaris

Reports

Jeanette and Scott Johnson on Lambis scorpius from Kwajalein Atoll:

  • "Lambis scorpius is common in the Marshalls, but not often seen because it blends in so well in its typical rubbly surroundings. They are most common on lagoon pinnacles and on the seaward reef, but can also occasionally be found on lagoon interisland reefs as well. It does not range up into the intertidal, however. We've seen hybrids between this and the much rarer Lambis crocata. The specific name is derived from the anterior finger (on the right side of the shell below), whose curve reminds one of a scorpion's tail."

"The brilliantly-colored aperture starkly contrasts with the usually drab and encrusted dorsum. However, young specimens that lack the dorsal growth can be quite colorful."

  • top row: "The dorsal coloration can be seen beneath the developing encrustations on these two young shells."
  • bottom: "Fingers are made last as the animal grows, starting out hollow and gradually filling in."

All Photos of Kwajalein Atoll-specimens courtesy Scott & Jeanette Johnson, Kwajalein Atoll


Specimens from private collections

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Aliguei?, Philippines; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Samoa, Polynesia; 1976; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Dumaguete, Negros Island, Negros Island Region, Philippines; 120 mm; Coll. Roland Hoffmann

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Agat Bay, Guam Island, Mariana Islands, Micronesia, USA, North Pacific Ocean; 70-90 ft in rubble on a reef; 157 mm; 1986; Coll. Paul Merrill

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Agat Bay, Guam Island, Mariana Islands, Micronesia, USA, North Pacific Ocean; 70-90 ft in rubble on a reef; t: 135 mm, m: 150 mm, b: 125 mm; 1986; Coll. Paul Merrill

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Harbor Shoals, Apra Harbor, Guam Island, Mariana Islands, Micronesia, USA, North Pacific Ocean; 11/1979; on reef, 8 feet, Scuba; 117,7 mm; Coll. Richard Salisbury

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Harbor Shoals, Apra Harbor, Guam Island, Mariana Islands, Micronesia, USA, North Pacific Ocean; 11/1979; on reef, 8 feet, Scuba; 122,5 mm; Coll. Richard Salisbury

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Eneko Island, Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, North Pacific Ocean; 2-3 m depth; between corals on sand, together with Conomurex luhuanus and Lambis lambis; 135 mm; Coll. Francesco Giovanoli

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Eneko Island, Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, North Pacific Ocean; 2-3 m depth; between corals on sand, together with Conomurex luhuanus and Lambis lambis; 116 mm; Coll. Francesco Giovanoli

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); subadult; Siasi, Sulu Province, Sulu Archipelago, Sulu Sea, southwestern Philippines; by hookah diver, 60-100 m; 59,8 mm; 10/2012; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Sulu Sea, southwestern Philippines; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

  • one spine missing

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Siocon, Zamboanga, Philippines; by hookah diver; 40-80 m; 160 mm; 12/2012; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

  • one additional spine

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Leyte Island, Philippines; taken from coral rubble and sandpatches in 25 m; 142,7 mm; 2012; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); East Mindoro Island, Oriental Mindoro Province, Philippines; 73 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis scorpius scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Indonesia, Arafura Sea; by tangle net in 40-60 meter; 5/2008; 99,5 mm; Ex-coll. Daniel Margareta, Jakarta; Coll. Aart Dekkers no. STR1472

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); freak; Escalante, Negros Island, Negros Occidental Province, Philippines; from fisherman, between 20 - 25 m; 116,7 mm; 2005; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); freak; Cebu Island, Philippines; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); freak; Nha Trang, Khánh Hòa Province, Vietnam; 122mm; Coll. Dieu Cu


Living specimens

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Jahir I Lembeh, Indonesia; Photo Andrey Ryanskiy

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); in Aquarium; New Caledonia, Melanesia; Coll. Franck Leterrier

Lambis scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758); Anilao, Panay island, Iloilo Province, Western Visayas, Philippines; Photo & Copyright Brian Mayes on flickr


References

  • Abbott, 1961
  • Lamarck, J.B.P.A. de Monet de, 1816. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature … Vingttroisième partie. Mollusques et polypes divers. Mme Veuve Agasse, Paris; Vol. 1: Liste des objets représentés dans les planches de cette livraison, 16 pp, pls. 1-95; Vol. 2: pls. 96-314; Vol. 3: pls. 391-488 (incl. 431bis and 431bis*).

Edit - History - Print - Recent Changes - Search

- This page is owned by Ulrich Wieneke
- Copyright features see here: Copyright
- It was last modified on February 23, 2017, at 07:11 PM-