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Species / Tibia Indica


Stratum typicum: Quilon Limestone (carbonate limestone in the Quilon Limestone Formation of India), early Miocene

Locus typicus: Quilon, Kerala State, Malabar Coast, India

Types: holotype no. 16,442, Central Fossil Repository, G.S.I., Kolkata

History and Synonymy


Kulkarni et al., 2010, p. 324 about Tibia indica:

  • "Elongate fusiform shell with acute spire. Only last five whorls preserved, feebly convex, separated by linear suture. At places very weak spiral threads can be detected. The base shows spiral ribs of two orders (figure 2-p3). Rostrum lost, aperture partially preserved. Anterior canal lost; hook-like projection of posterior canal crosses posterior suture of the last whorl."
  • "Occurence: Shell limestone intercalation at the variegated siltstones constituting the lower one-third of the Khari Nadi Formation, on the right bank of the Khari River, 0.5 km NE of Aida."


  • A.K. Dey. 1962. The Miocene Mollusca from Quilon, Kerala (India). Palaeontologia Indica NS, 36 1962: 1-129.
  • Kantimati G. Kulkarni, Satarupa Bhattacharjee Kapoor and Vidyadhar D. Borkar, 2010. Molluscan fauna from the Miocene sediments of Kachchh, Gujarat, India Part 3. Gastropods; J. Earth Syst. Sci. 119, No. 3, June 2010, pp. 307341
  • Mathias Harzhauser, Markus Reuter, Tayebeh Mohtat, Werner E. Piller 2017. Early Miocene reef- and mudflat-associated gastropods from Makran (SE-Iran), PalZ, Fulltext

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