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Species / Tricornis Tricornis

Tricornis Tricornis

Stromboidea


Original Designation of the name Strombus tricornis by Lightfoot, 1786, p. 5:

  • "50 Two Cypraea Tigris, or Leopard Cowry, a pair of Murex Tulipa, L. 2 Strombus tricornis, Martin 843. 45. List. 873. and 3 more"

Locus typicus: Red Sea designated by Abbott, 1960. Lightfoot does not give any locality data.


History and Synonymy

Tricornis tricornis ([Lightfoot], 1786:5)

  • Syn.: Lambis curruca Röding, 1798: 64
  • Syn.: Strombus gallus var. Dillwyn, 1817: 662
  • Syn.: Tricornis indecoratus Lorenz & Wiese, 1990
  • Syn.: Strombus muricatus “Martini” Nardini, 1934:220, pl.XVI(III), fig. 10a, 10b
  • Syn.: Strombus orientalis “Jonston” Duclos in Chenu, 1844: 15, pl. 18 figs 5, 6, pl. 21 figs 1, 2.
  • Syn.: Strombus pertinax Duclos in Chenu, 1844: 15, pl. 29 figs 1, 2.
  • Syn.: Strombus tricornis forma erythraeensis Romagna Manoja, 1977: 9, 10 bottom figs [unavailable published as a varietal name after 1960, ICZN art. 15.2; nom. nud.]
  • Syn.: Tricornis tricornis Jousseaume, 1888: 174 [in Muricidae]

1558

Murex lacteus Rondelet, De Natura Aquatilium Carmen ..., Lugduni, p. 37

1823

Strombus tricornis in Swainson, 1823, pl. 135, fig. 1, 2

1843

Strombus tricornis in Kiener, 1843, pl. ?

Strombus tricornis in Kiener, 1843, pl. ?, fig. 3

1844

Strombus orientalis Duclos, 1844, pl. 18, fig. 5, 6

Strombus orientalis Duclos, 1844, pl. 21, fig. 1, 2

Strombus pertinax Duclos, 1844, pl. 29, fig. 1, 2

Strombus orientalis Duclos, 1844, pl. 29, fig. 6, 7

1847

Strombus tricornis in Berge, 1847, pl. 38, fig. 1

1850

Strombus tricornis in Reeve, 1850, Strombus, pl. 10, fig. 22History and Synonymy

1999

Kreipl et al., 1999 claimed to figure Strombus (Tricornis) indecoratus, pl. 42. fig. 2.

  • Comment Wieneke: This is not T. tricornis forma indecoratus, the figure presents a T. tricornis.

Specimens from institutional collections

Strombus (Monodactylus) tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786); Pleistocene; Ras Doumeira, Djibouti, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea; Coll. MNHN no. A26812; Copyright Museum national d'Histoire naturelle Paris


Specimens from private collections

Tricornis tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786); Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea; taken on coral sand & sandy mud at 5-8 m by local fisherman; 132,0 mm; 10/2013; Coll. Christian Börnke

Tricornis tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786); 10 km south of Safaga (26°39´30´´N, 33°56´30´´E), West Coast Gulf of Suez, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea; large muddy / sandy flat with coral blocks; 8/1988; Coll. Gijs Kronenberg no. 1457

Tricornis tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786); Somalia, Indian Ocean; 1991; Coll. Gijs Kronenberg no. 2579

Tricornis tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786); immature specimen; Somalia, Indian Ocean; 1991; Coll. Gijs Kronenberg no. 2579

Tricornis tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786); Pleistocene; Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea; 150 mm; Coll. Rupert Hochleitner

Tricornis tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786); Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

  • top: Pleistocene; Er Dahar, Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea; 88,9 mm
  • bottom: recent; Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea; shallow reef flats, taken between weed on sandy bottom with rubble by local diver; 161,9 mm; 1992

Tricornis tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786), Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

  • top: off Sawabi Bad-el Mandeb, Djibouti, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea; 1994; 127 mm
  • botton left: Djibouti, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea; 84 mm
  • bottom right: Red Sea; 68 mm

Tricornis tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786); Djibouti, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea; taken by local diver; 118 mm; 2002; Coll. Paul Merrill

Tricornis tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786); Pleistocene; Hurghada, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea; Coll. Heribert Schwandt

Tricornis tricornis forma indecoratus Lorenz & Wiese, 1990; Djibouti, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea; 130 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Tricornis tricornis forma indecoratus Lorenz & Wiese, 1990; Ras Sadr, North East of Sinai, Gulf of Suez, Egypt, Red Sea; taken in 3 meters; lives on sea grass close to reef spots; 121 mm; Coll. Ibrahem Olwy

Tricornis indecoratus Lorenz & Wiese, 1990; Jizan, Saudi Arabia; On sand between weed, 1-3m deep; Coll. Guido Poppe; Copyright Guido Poppe.

  • tl: 66 mm, tr: 62,9 mm, bl: 64 mm, br: 62 mm.

Photos of living specimens

Tricornis tricornis (Lightfoot, 1786); Nakhlet Altal, Nabq, Egypt, Red Sea; Photo Andrey Ryanskiy


Data:

  • Djibouti, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea. Collected by local fishermen, 2009, 101.1 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 566604
  • Djibouti. Collected by local fishermen. 2009, 114,6 mm, Coll. Guido Poppe no. 566605
  • Djibouti. Ex-coll. Philippe Martin, 125,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 240371
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 131,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156900
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 129,9 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156903
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 110,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156905
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 124,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156906
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 124,2 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156910
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 121,4 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156913
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 126,3 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156901
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 119,8 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156904
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 112,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156907
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 121,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156908
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 114,0 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156909
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 114,8 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156911
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 106,4 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156914
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 107,3 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156915
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 136,8 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 194476
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 130,3 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 194477
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 121,3 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 194478
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 121,8 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 194479
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 113,4 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 194480
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 110,7 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 194481
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 100,0 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 208383
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 102,3 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 208384
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 102,0 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 208385
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 116,0 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 208386
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 110,0 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 208387
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 107,0 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 208388
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 109,0 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 208389
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 130,0 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613959
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 111,9 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613960
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 109,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613961
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 102,7 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613962
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 107,3 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613963
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 117,2 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613964
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 134,8 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613967
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 127,2 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613968
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 107,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613969
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 136,9 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613970
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 132,4 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613971
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 138,7 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613972
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 121,7 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613973
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 128,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613974
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 127,7 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613976
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 131,7 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613977
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 135,3 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613978
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 127,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613979
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 134,5 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613983
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 137,9 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613984
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 133,8 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613985
  • Egypt. Red Sea. Off Sinai Peninsula. Found on sand in shallow water. Ex-coll. D. & M. Meyer. May 1991, 123.1 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 344937
  • Ethiopia. Circa 1960, 132,4 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 271943
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 155,1 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613975
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 158,0 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613980
  • Somalia. Trawled in deep water; Ex-coll. Philippe Martin. 1990, 158 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 238173
  • Saudi Arabia. Jizan. On sand between weed. 1-3m deep. 66 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 119204
  • Saudi Arabia. Jizan. On sand between weed. 1-3m deep. 62,9 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 119198
  • Saudi Arabia. Jizan. On sand between weed. 1-3m deep. 64 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 119202
  • Saudi Arabia. Jizan. On sand between weed. 1-3m deep. 62 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 119201
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2000, 145,1 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 156902
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 153,7 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613965
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 141,8 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613966
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 143,8 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 613981
  • Djibouti. From fisherman. 2005, 152,1 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe
  • Egypt. Red Sea. Off Sinai Peninsula. Found on sand in shallow water; Ex-coll. D. & M. Meyer. May 1991, 144,4 mm; Coll. Guido Poppe no. 344936

References

  • [Lightfoot, J.], 1786. A catalogue of the Portland Museum, lately the property of the Dutchess Dowager of Portland, deceased, which will be sold at auction.... London, viii + pp. 1-194.
  • Kreipl et al., 1999
  • Lorenz, F & Wiese, V., 1990. Description of a new species of Strombus (Tricornis) from Somalia. Schriften zur Malakozoologie aus dem Haus der Natur-Cismar 3:51-56

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