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Species / Euprotomus Aurisdianae

Euprotomus Aurisdianae

Stromboidea


Original Description of Strombus Auris dianae by Linnaeus, 1758, p. 743:

  • "S. testae labro antice mucronata, dorso muricato, cauda erecta acuta."

Locus typicus: "Habitat in O. Asiae."

Linnaeus cited:

  • Rumph. mus. t. 37. f. R.
  • Gualt. test. t. 32. f. H.
  • Argenv. conch. t. 17. f. O.
  • Klein. ostr. t. 6. f. 106.

Euprotomus aurisdianae (Linnaeus, 1758:743) (Strombus).

  • Syn.: Lambis buris Röding, 1798: 64 [nomen nudum]
  • Syn.: Strombus dianae Smith, 1863: 635 [nomen oblitum]
  • Syn.: Strombus lamarckii Gray. Sowerby 2nd, 1842: 35-36, pl. 9 figs. 88, 93, 98, 99; [non Strombus lamarckii Gray]
  • Syn.: Lambis stiva Röding, 1798: 64 [nomen nudum]
  • Syn.: Monodactylus striato granulatus Martini. Mörch, 1852: 62, sp. 1173

History and Synonymy

1742

in Argenville, 1742, pl. 17, fig. O

1766

Pugiles in Rumphius, 1766, pl. XXXVII, fig. R

1777

Cochlis alata Martini, 1777, pl. 84, fig. 838, 839

1842

Strombus auris-dianae in Gray, 1842, pl. 2, fig. 1

  • female

1843

Strombus auris-dianae in Kiener, 1843, Strombus pl. 16, fig. 1

  • Comment Kronenberg: "I think that the figure is a specimen of E. aurora; the comparatively bright red-orange colour as well as the absence of plicae in the adapical part of the outer lip, clearly visible in all other figures [except of course in the Dezallier d'Argenville and Smith illustrations], point into that direction."
  • see Euprotomus aurora

1844

Strombus Auris Dianae in Duclos, 1844, pl. 14, fig. 4

1851

Strombus Auris-Dianae in Reeve, 1851, pl. 15, fig. 36 a

Strombus Auris-Dianae in Reeve, 1851, pl. 15, fig. 36 b

Strombus Auris-Dianae in Reeve, 1851, pl. 15, fig. 37

1863

Strombus dianae in Smith, 1863, p. 635

  • Comment: The image may also depict E. bulla or E. aurora

Reports

Jeanette & Scott Johnson about Euprotomus aurisdianae from Kwajalein Atoll:

  • "Euprotomus aurisdianae is known in the Marshalls from a single empty but clearly recognizable shell found at a depth of about 40m on the Kwajalein Atoll seaward reef in 1967. The Marshalls is so far out of this species' normal range (East Africa to the Philippines and Solomons) that we would have been tempted to disbelieve it except that it was one of us who found the shell. While we have seen the shells of species obviously not found here being dragged around the island by hermit crab inhabitants, we know that some or all of these are shells stolen by hermits from people who actually brought them here. Once we found a Caribbean volute inhabited by a terrestrial hermit on Kwajalein. We do know people who have purchased and imported quantities of "craft" shells from dealers in Florida and Oregon. But the E. aurisdianae was in a place where it would have been highly unlikely to have been brought in. First, it was found in the early years of sport diving here, long before people started to bring shells to Kwajalein. Second, it was deep on the steep outer slope a good 8 kilometers up the reef from Kwajalein, the closest inhabited island, and the condition of the shell was far too fresh to have possible been carried that far by a hermit crab. And it would have been a most unlikely to plant a gag shell as a joke because it would have been highly unlikely to ever have been found in that location. We can only assume that somehow, a stray larva made it to Kwajalein and developed here. We obviously do not have a photograph of a living Marshall Islands specimen."

Specimens from private collections

Euprotomus aurisdianae (Linnaeus, 1758); Philippines Islands; 77 mm; Coll. Paul Merril


References

  • William Smith, 1863 A dictionary of the Bible: comprising its antiquities, biography, and natural history, Vol.II. Kabzeel Red-Heifer, Little, Brown, and Co. Boston, pp. I-VI, 1-1008. Fulltext

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