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Species / Euprotomus Vomer

Euprotomus Vomer

Stromboidea


Original Description of Lambis vomer by Röding, 1798, p. 64:

  • "L. Vomer. Das Pfugschareisen. Gmel. Stromb. auris Dianae. Martini 1485. 1486. 1 St."

Locus typicus: Röding, 1798 gave no locality data. Abbott, 1960 designated Noumea, New Caldonia as type locality.


History and Synonymy

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798: 64) (Lambis)

  • Syn.: Monodactylus aratrum Martyn. Mörch, 1852: 62, sp. 1171; [non Lambis aratrum Röding, 1798]
  • Syn.: Strombus auris dianae Variety C. Dillwyn, 1817: 664.
  • Syn.: Strombus chemnitzii Pfeiffer, 1840: VIII, 96
  • Syn.: Euprotomus donnellyi Iredale, 1931: 212-213, pl. 23, fig. 19;
  • Syn.: Strombus vomer kermadecensis [Nom. nud.; attributed to Bozzetti, 2009, but Bozzetti never described this taxon (confirmed by Bozzettti in email). It has appeared on the Internet see e.g. http://www.topseashells.com/seashell/STROMBIDAE/STROMBUS/VOMER%20KERMADECENSIS/TS63812 ]
  • Syn.: Euprotomus kiwi Bozzetti & Sargent, 2011
  • Syn.: Strombus Novae-Zelandiae Chemnitz. Reeve, 1842: 206, pl. 250 fig. 2;
  • Syn.: Strombus pacificus Swainson, 1821: pl. 17;

1788

Strombus Auris Dianae Zelandiae novae Martini, 1788, pl. 156, fig. 1485, 1486

  • Comment: cited by Roeding, 1798

1811

Strombus acutus Perry, 1811, pl. 12, fig. 2

  • similar to fig 1486 in Chemnitz, 1788, pl. 156

1840

Pfeifer describes Strombus chemnitzii

  • Original Description of Strombus chemnitzii by Pfeiffer, 1840:
    • "Strombus Chemnitzii Pfr. (Ch. X. 1485. 86. - Str. auris Dianae Gm.) - Testa fusiformi, albo aurantioque variegata; spira turrita; anfract. 10-12, prope suturam sulcatis, medio serie unica tuberculorum oblongorum instructis, ultimo spira breviore, tuberculis majusculis ornato, inferne regulariter sulcato; cauda recurva; labro incrassato, superne lobo digitiformi terminato, inferne dupliciter sinuato; fauce sulcis profundis aurantiis exarata; ventre superne macula fusca laevigata, inferne callo crasso albo notato."
    • "Long. 2-3 poll. - Differt a Str. aur. Dian. (utraque varietate) spira turrita, nuda, ala per 3 anfractus ascendente, imprimis fauce per totam longitudinem radiatim sulcata."

1843

Strombus pacificus in Kiener, 1843, pl. ?, fig. 1

1844

Strombus novae zelandiae in Duclos, 1844, pl. 7, fig. 5, 6

1851

Strombus Novae-Zelandiae Reeve, 1851, Strombus, pl. 15, fig. 35

1914

Strombus aratrum in Hirase, 1914, pl. XV, fig. 66

1931

Description of Euprotomus donnellyi by Iredale, 1931, p. 212:

  • "Euprotomus donnellyi (Pl. xxiii, fig. 19) is large with expanded outer lip with no finger. Coloration of dead shells, fawn marbled with white, the aperture white, the inner glaze covering the body whorl, a brown patch towards the posterior end of the aperture, inside of outer lip strongly ridged and brownish. Sculpture: Earlier whorls with a median keel upon which pointed nodules develop, which become more distantly placed as the shell grows, six or seven on the body whorl, although there are twelve on the penultimate and fourteen on the antepenultimate. Above the shoulder close threads persist, which weaken and are obsolete on the body whorl; no sutural roll. Outer lip expanded and running up two full whorls but producing no finger. Canal strongly recurved backwards. Length 75 mm., breadth 45 mm. Type from Sydney Harbour, New South Wales."

1960

Abbott, 1960, p. 130:

  • "Range - Ryukyu Islands and New Caledonia"
  • "Remarks - To date, this very attractive species has been recorded in fair numbers from only the Ryukyu Islands and New Caledonia. Despite its apparent absence over a stretch of 3000 miles, there id no discernable difference in specimens from this two distant places. It would not be entirely surprising if it were to turn up in the Philippines and Indonesia, although we believe that this species, which was once widespread in the Pliocene, is now shrinking in range and becoming extinct...."
  • "Habitat - Found by George and Mary Kline in New Caledonia in 4 to 10 feet of water on coral sand and coral rubble on the barrier reef in Touho Bay. Mrs, Anita A. Scott says (in litt.) it is uncommon in sand at dead low tide on Okinawa Island, Ryukyus."

1966

Cernohorsky, 1966 reported Strombus vomer from Fiji

1970

Cernohorsky, 1970, p. 177:

  • "S. (Euprotomus) vomer vomer (Röding, 1798) Abbott, 1960, pl. 14; fig. 7-8 - This species was known to range as far eastward as the Tonga Islands, and the Niue Island record is a new range extension."

1998

Marshall & Crosby, 1998, p. 135 reported Strombus vomer vomer from New Zealand (off Berghan Point, north-eastern North Island, New Zealand, 34°55.0'S, 173°33.3'E). It probably originates from self-recruiting populations to the north-east (Queensland, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island)

2011

Euprotomus kiwi by Bozzetti, L. & D.M. Sargent, 2011, which is treated here as synonym of Euprotomus vomer.

  • see below for examples

Specimens from private collections

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Chesterfields Islands, Coral Sea, west of New Caledonia, Melanesia; by diver at 10 m; 69 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Chesterfields Islands, Coral Sea, west of New Caledonia, Melanesia; on sand in 32-35 m; 68 mm; 1993; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Chesterfields Islands, Coral Sea, west of New Caledonia, Melanesia; on sand in 32-35 m; 61 mm; 1993; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); New Caledonia, Melanesia; 76 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Belep Islands, North Province, New Caledonia, Melanesia; on sand in 18 - 20 m; 77 mm; 1995; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Kam Reef, Oahu Island, Hawaii, USA; by scuba; 57 mm; 1996; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

  • Comment Ulrich Wieneke: high probability for wrong label! The dealer has added on the label: "Normal size, the classic vomer from New Caledonia."

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Okinawa Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Ryukyu Islands, Japan; 66 mm; Coll. Paul Merrill

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Japan Islands; 81 mm; Coll. Christian Börnke

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Sesoko Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Ryukyu Islands, Japan; by scuba diver by night in 40', found on coarse sand; 69 mm; 1988; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Onna Reef, Okinawa Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Ryukyu Islands, Japan; night, extreme minus tides, exposed reef; 59 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); off Cairns, Queensland State, north east Australia; by scuba diver at 20 ft; t: 72,7 mm, b: 74,2 mm; Coll. Christian Börnke

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Noumea, South Province, New Caledonia, Melanesia; at 20 m; t: 78 mm, b: 74 mm; Coll. Christian Börnke

Euprotomus vomer forma kiwi Bozzetti & Sargent, 2011; New Caledonia, Melanesia; 72 mm; Coll. Franck Leterrier
Comment Antoine Heitz: unaccepted Identification by WoRMS (World Register of Marine Species)

Euprotomus vomer forma kiwi Bozzetti & Sargent, 2011; Raoul Island, Kermadec Island, New Zealand; 25-30 m; 82 mm; Coll. Christian Börnke
Comment Antoine Heitz: unaccepted Identification by WoRMS (World Register of Marine Species)

Euprotomus vomer forma kiwi Bozzetti & Sargent, 2011; Raoul Island, Kermadec Island, New Zealand; 100 mm; Coll. Alain Allary
Comment Antoine Heitz: unaccepted Identification by WoRMS (World Register of Marine Species)

Euprotomus vomer forma kiwi Bozzetti & Sargent, 2011; Raoul Island, Kermadec Island, New Zealand; Coll. Alain Allary

  • # 92 mm
  • # 82 mm
    Comment Antoine Heitz: unaccepted Identification by WoRMS (World Register of Marine Species)

Euprotomus vomer forma kiwi Bozzetti & Sargent, 2011; subadult; Raoul Island, Kermadec Island, New Zealand; 82 mm; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke
Comment Antoine Heitz: unaccepted Identification by WoRMS (World Register of Marine Species)

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Tofua Caldera, Tofua Island, Haʻapai Islands, Tonga Islands Archipelago; 60 mm; dead taken in 40 to 50 m; Coll. Ulrich Wieneke

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Ha'apai Islands, Tonga Islands Archipelago; 10-15 m; 8/2006; Coll. Guido Poppe

  • l: 64 mm; no. 883063
  • m: 72 mm; no. 883062
  • r: 63 mm; no. 883061

Living specimens

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); Chichi-jima, Ogasawara Islands, Japan; Photo Hiroshi Takashige

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); in aquarium; New Caledonia, Melanesia; Photo & Copyright Franck Leterrier

Euprotomus vomer (Röding, 1798); in aquarium; New Caledonia, Melanesia; Photo & Copyright Franck Leterrier

Euprotomus vomer forma kiwi Bozzetti & Sargent, 2011; in aquarium; New Caledonia, Melanesia; Photo & Copyright Franck Leterrier
Comment Antoine Heitz: unaccepted Identification by WoRMS (World Register of Marine Species)

Euprotomus vomer forma kiwi Bozzetti & Sargent, 2011; in aquarium; New Caledonia, Melanesia; Photo & Copyright Franck Leterrier
Comment Antoine Heitz: unaccepted Identification by WoRMS (World Register of Marine Species)


Distribution

Distribution map of Euprotomus vomer


References


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