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Species / Struthiolariidae

Struthiolariidae

Stromboidea

  • Struthiolariidae Gabb, 1868

Original Description of Struthiolariidae (as Struthiolariinae) by Gabb, 1868:

  • "Animal with outer mantel-margin simple; shell oblong-oval or turrited, lips entire."

The following genera belong to Struthiolariidae:

might belong to Struthiolarridae

The following genus is treated as synonym:

Comment Beu, 2009:

  • (p. 201) "The one living Antarctic remnant of the Aporrhaidae/Struthiolariidae clade is Perissodonta which, ironically, seems likely to have been the Late Cretaceous–early Cenozoic ancestor of the entire struthiolariid radiation."
  • (p.219) "In my opinion, Struthiolarella and Antarctodarwinella are subjective synonyms of Perissodonta."

References:

  • Nielsen, 2005
  • H. J. Finlay and J. Marwick (1937). The Wangaloan and Associated Molluscan Faunas of Kaitangata-Green Island Subdivision. New Zealand Geological Survey Palaeontological Bulletin 15: 1-140, Pl.I-XVIII.
  • Marwick, 1924
  • J. E. Morton (1951). The Ecology and Digestive System of the Struthiolariidae (Gastropoda). The Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science 92(part 1): 1-25.
  • Marwick, (1952). SINGLETONARIA, A NEW GENUS OF THE STRUTHIOLARIIDAE FROM THE AUSTRALIAN PLIOCENE J. Mollus. Stud.; 29: 83-85
  • J. D. Stilwell (2002). Early evolutionary history of Monalaria (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Struthiolariidae) from the Palaeogene of New Zealand. Alcheringa 25. 395-405.

"Living species of Struthiolaria (S. papulosa, S. vermis and S. scutulata, which differs from Struthiolaria ss only in the terminal varix's inductura being produced for an entire whorl) inhabit clean sandy environments in shallow (c2-20m) of water. They crawl freely on the sand, leaving a prominent broad trail (personal obs, 2m water, S. papulosa) and burrow very shallowly. They live in a sandy crypt with 2 obvious openings, both produced by the proboscis, and (I think) filterfeed from within. I have found only 2 live S. vermis, both in very sheltered water at 3m depth, on the sand surface. S. papulosa inhabits oceanic sands." Cited after Grebneff, 2003

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