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Species / Anchura

Stromboidea


Conrad, 1860 gives no diagnosis of the genus. He only describes Anchura abrupta (see there)

Type species: Anchura abrupta Conrad, 1860; by monotypy. Maastrichtian, Late Cretaceous of Coon Creek Tongue, Mississippi, United States.

Anchura species are:


History and Synonymy

2002

Kiel & Bandel, 2002:

  • "Members of the Anchura clade first occur and have their highest diversity in the Atlantic Gulf plains and Pacific slope of North America (STEPHENSON 1941, 1952; SOHL 1960; DOCKERY 1993; ELDER & SAUL 1996). Helicaulax is considered to represent a subgenus of Anchura with long posterior spur and rostrum. PCHELINTSEV (1953) introduced Pugioptera as another subgenus with a dagger-like wing and no posterior spur and Rostellaria requieniana D'ORBIGNY, 1842 as type species. A rigorous revision is needed to corroborate the validity of this subgenus and even that of Helicaulax. It seems that Anchura is highly variable in shape and extent of its wing, posterior spur and rostrum. In contrast, the ornamentation of the body whorl formed by axial ribs and spiral cords with knobby intersections, seems very consistent through time and space. ELDER & SAtJL (1996) demonstrated that Anchura can be used for biostratigraphy. This also demonstrated the ability of Anchura to undergo rapid adaptations. Shape and size of wing, posterior spur and rostrum might be adaptations to their local environment and are therefore of low taxonomic value above species level. ELDER & SAUL (1996) pointed out that Anchura preferred fine grained sandy sediment of middle or outer shelf environments. This could explain its absence from the Umzamba locality, which represents near shore deposits."

need further investigation (taxa inquirenda)

Stromboidea, but different genus

non Stromboidea

to check Anchura antarctica (Cox 1953) Anchura californica, Anchura condoniana Anchura biangulata Anderson Anchura stenoptera Anchura nuptialis White 1876 Anchura subpunctata Anchura antarctica (Cox 1953) Anchura requieniana (Orbigny 1843) Anchura carinella d'Orbigny Anchura (Drepanochilus) nebrascensis Meek 1876 Anchura carinata Mantell, Anchura (Perissoptera) odonnelli Rennie Anchura transversa Gabb Anchura rostrata Morton 1875 Anchura transversa Gabb 1869, Anchura? sublevis (Meek and Hayden) Anchura (Drepanochilus) nebrascensis (Evans and Shumard) Anchura monilifera Anchura papilionacea Anchura simplex d'Orbigny Anchura parkinsonii Sowerby Anchura orbignyana Pictet, Anchura robinaldina d'Orbigny Anchura mexicana Anchura arenarum Morton Anchura (Dicroloma) cochleata Quenstedt 1858 Anchura (Pietteia) kokeni, Anchura (Dicroloma) cartieri Thurman 1851 Anchura (Dicroloma) supraplicata Broesamlen 1909 Anchura (Pietteia) unidigitata Broesamlen 1909 Anchura (Pietteia) hamus Deslongchamps 1843 Anchura (Pietteia) parkinsoni Quenstedt 1858, Anchura (Pietteia) kokeni Broesamlen 1909, Anchura (Pietteia) dentilabrum Quenstedt 1858 Anchura (Dicroloma) aff leblanci Loriol 1873 Anchura (Dicroloma) lorierei d'Orbigny Anchura (Dicroloma) gagnebini Thurmann Anchura (Dicroloma) cf laevigata Morris & Lycett 1851 Anchura (Perissoptera) schlotheimi Roemer Anchura (Perissoptera) reussi Geinitz Anchura (Perissoptera) robinaldina d'Orbigny Anchura (Kangilioptera) ravni Rosenkrantz 1970 Anchura bispinosa Phillip Anchura trochiformis Quenstedt, Anchura dentilabra Quenstedt Anchura (Drepanochilus) compressa Whitfield Anchura hebe Whitfield 1892 Anchura elongata Sowerby Anchura maxima Anchura tricostata d'Orbigny Anchura newberryi Meek, Anchura exilis Gabb Anchura monilifera Gabb 1869 Anchura campbelli Stephenson Anchura pagodaformis Anchura (Dicroloma) lorierei Anchura (Disoketa) meyeri, Anchura (Tridactylus) arachnoides

Remark:

  • The genus name Anchura had been used in a very broad sense over a long time in literature. It might be that several of the above species belong to different genera. This needs further investigation (U. Wieneke)

References

  • Conrad, 1860
  • Elder & Saul, 1996
  • Toban J. Wild, Jeffrey D. Stilwell, 2016. First Cretaceous (Albian) invertebrate fossil assemblage from Batavia Knoll, Perth Abyssal Plain, eastern Indian Ocean: taxonomy and paleoecological significance; Journal of Paleontology 90(5) 959-980.

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